In situ measurement techniques have become indispensable tools in soil and contaminated site investigation because they enable the collection of real-time information. This provides increasingly efficient management of soil, groundwater and contaminated sites. Early warning and rapid intervention, e.g. risk reduction of endangered or damaged soil and groundwater, can be promptly implemented when up-to-date information on the state and activities of the environment’s living and non-living parts is available. In situ soil investigations can equally be applied to small sites, watersheds or global areas. Sampling, sensing, data collection and the evaluation methods that fit best to spatial and temporal requirements can be chosen from a rich reservoir of methods. This chapter gives an overview of in situ methods and tools for surveying and monitoring soils and contaminated sites. Special measurement methods and devices, including sensors and rapid test kits, and portable and handheld field equipment, are introduced in detail. The detection of organic and inorganic contaminants, as well as measuring adverse effects, are discussed. In addition to methodical considerations, commercially available tools and devices are also described.
|Title of host publication||Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management -3|
|Subtitle of host publication||Site Assessment and Monitoring Tools|
|Number of pages||98|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2017|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)
- Chemical Engineering(all)