Impulsivity, depression and aggression among adolescents

Bettina F. Piko, Tamás Pinczés

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main goal of the present study was to examine interrelationships among adolescent depressive symptomatology, types of aggressive behaviors (verbal, physical, psychic), impulsivity and other aspects of one's personality (venturesomeness, empathy and self-efficacy). Data collection occurred in Debrecen (Hungary) during the first semester of the year 2012, using classes from three high schools (N= 413), 237 (57.4%) boys and 176 (42.6%) girls. The self-administered questionnaire contained variables of mental health beyond sociodemographics. Girls reported more depressive symptoms and a higher level of empathy. In terms of aggression, a significant gender difference was detected only in the case of physical aggression for boys. Based on multiple regression analyses, impulsivity acted as a risk factor both for mean levels of depressive symptomatology and aggression subscales. Besides, lack of empathy was related to aggressive behavior. In both genders, self-efficacy was positively associated with verbal and physical aggression. Among girls, self-efficacy was a negative predictor of psychic aggression. We may conclude that there are strong interrelationships among depressive symptomatology, aggressive behaviors and impulsivity, and this association may be colored by risk-taking/venturesomeness, empathy, and self-efficacy. There is a need for learning some basic effective techniques for impulsivity management in adolescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-37
Number of pages5
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume69
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Aggressive behaviors
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Empathy
  • Impulsivity
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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