The Helsinki Declaration was created and signed by the European Board of Anaesthesiology (EBA) and the European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA). It was initiated in June 2010, and it implies a European consensus on those medical practices which improve patient safety and provide higher quality perioperative care. Authors focus on four elements of this initiative, which can be easily implemented, and provide almost instant benefit: use of preoperative checklist, prevention of perioperative infections, goal-directed fluid therapy and perioperative nutrition. The literature review emphasizes that well organized perioperative care plays the most important role in improving patient safety.
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