Improvement of the salt aggregation test to study bacterial cell-surface hydrophobicity

F. Rozgonyi, Katalin R. Szitha, Åsa Ljungh, Suraj B. Baloda, Stellan Hjertén, Torkel Wadström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An improved salt aggregation test (improved SAT) was developed to sensitize the determination of bacterial cell-surface hydrophobicity. One drop of a fresh bacterial suspension standardized to an A1cm540 of 20 (equivalent to 5 × 109 cfu/ml), and one drop each of ammonium sulphate solutions stained with methylene blue, were mixed on a white hydrophobic paper card using toothpicks. The bacterial suspensions, methylene blue stock solutions and the ammonium sulphate solutions (0.01-4.0 M) were made in 0.02 M sodium phosphate buffer, pH 6.8. Bacterial aggregations were read immediately after mixing the salt/bacterial suspensions while the card was gently rocked. Readings were also confirmed the next day on dried preparations. The results proved independent of reading time and mixture conditions (wet or dry preparations). The improved SAT technique is very rapid and sensitive, the reaction is easily read with the naked eye, and the paper cards can be stored for documentation of aggregation patterns after drying. In the improved SAT, the Staphylococcus cells of different species aggregated in 5 ways: tiny, medial, flaky granular, particulated and macrofilamentous forms; Salmonella strains aggregated in flaky granular, particulated and macrofilamentous forms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-138
Number of pages8
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume30
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1985

Fingerprint

Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Salts
Suspensions
Methylene Blue
Ammonium Sulfate
Reading
Staphylococcus
Salmonella
Documentation
Buffers

Keywords

  • aggregation forms
  • cell-surface hydrophobicity
  • improved salt aggregation test
  • Salmonella species
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Staphylococcus species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Rozgonyi, F., Szitha, K. R., Ljungh, Å., Baloda, S. B., Hjertén, S., & Wadström, T. (1985). Improvement of the salt aggregation test to study bacterial cell-surface hydrophobicity. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 30(1-2), 131-138.

Improvement of the salt aggregation test to study bacterial cell-surface hydrophobicity. / Rozgonyi, F.; Szitha, Katalin R.; Ljungh, Åsa; Baloda, Suraj B.; Hjertén, Stellan; Wadström, Torkel.

In: FEMS Microbiology Letters, Vol. 30, No. 1-2, 1985, p. 131-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rozgonyi, F, Szitha, KR, Ljungh, Å, Baloda, SB, Hjertén, S & Wadström, T 1985, 'Improvement of the salt aggregation test to study bacterial cell-surface hydrophobicity', FEMS Microbiology Letters, vol. 30, no. 1-2, pp. 131-138.
Rozgonyi F, Szitha KR, Ljungh Å, Baloda SB, Hjertén S, Wadström T. Improvement of the salt aggregation test to study bacterial cell-surface hydrophobicity. FEMS Microbiology Letters. 1985;30(1-2):131-138.
Rozgonyi, F. ; Szitha, Katalin R. ; Ljungh, Åsa ; Baloda, Suraj B. ; Hjertén, Stellan ; Wadström, Torkel. / Improvement of the salt aggregation test to study bacterial cell-surface hydrophobicity. In: FEMS Microbiology Letters. 1985 ; Vol. 30, No. 1-2. pp. 131-138.
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