Improvement of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) sperm cryopreservation using a programable freezer

Gergely Bernáth, Daniel Żarski, Eszter Kása, Ádám Staszny, Levente Várkonyi, Tímea Kollár, Árpád Hegyi, Zoltán Bokor, Béla Urbányi, Ákos Horváth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


The applicability of a programmable freezer for the increased-scale cryopreservation of common carp sperm was investigated. The effect of different equilibration times, cryopreservation methods, extenders, dilution ratios, activating solutions on the post-thaw motility of common carp sperm was investigated. The suitable post-thaw storage time-interval as well as fertilizing capacity of cryopreserved sperm was also examined. The motility, curvilinear velocity (VCL) and straightness (STR) values did not decrease significantly during 60 min of equilibration neither in equilibrated nor thawed groups. Motility parameters of thawed sperm were similar using a conventional cryopreservation technique using a polystyrene box [motility (33%), VCL (47 μm/s) and STR (88%)] and a programmable freezer: [motility (32%), VCL (54 μm/s) and STR (89%)]. The highest motility and VCL was measured with a sugar based extender (grayling extender) at a ratio 1:9 (motility: 52%, VCL: 76 μm/s) and 1:20 (motility: 49%, VCL: 76 μm/s). The activating solution for cyprinids (ASC) could prolong sperm movement up for 2 min. A storage time of six hours following thawing did not have a significant effect on the motility parameters of thawed carp sperm. Agglutination was observed during cryopreservation of an elevated volume of sperm whereas motility 47%, VCL 62 μm/s and STR 91% were measured after thawing. Fertilization rate with thawed sperm (32%) was significantly lower compared to the control group (73%). According to our results, the developed method using a programmable freezer is suitable for the cryopreservation of elevated number of straws. However, carp sperm agglutination during freezing may have a negative effect on the fertilizing capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-88
Number of pages11
JournalGeneral and Comparative Endocrinology
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016



  • Common carp
  • Increased-scale
  • Motility assessment
  • Programmable freezer
  • Sperm cryopreservation
  • Standardization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology

Cite this