Improved hydrogen production by uptake hydrogenase deficient mutant strain of Rhodobacter sphaeroides O.U.001

Gökhan Kars, Ufuk Gündüz, G. Rákhely, Meral Yücel, Inci Eroǧlu, K. Kovács

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rhodobacter sphaeroides O.U.001 is a purple non-sulfur bacterium producing hydrogen under photoheterotrophic conditions. Hydrogen is produced by Mo-nitrogenase enzyme and substantial amount of H2 is reoxidized by a membrane-bound uptake hydrogenase in the wild type strain. To improve the hydrogen producing capacity of the cells, a suicide vector containing a gentamicin cassette in the hupSL genes was introduced into R. sphaeroiodes O.U.001 and the uptake hydrogenase genes were destroyed by site directed mutagenesis. The correct integration of the construct was confirmed by uptake hydrogenase activity measurement, PCR and subsequent sequence analysis. The wild type and the mutant cells showed similar growth patterns but the total volume of hydrogen gas evolved by the mutant was 20% higher than that of the wild type strain. This result demonstrated that the hydrogen produced by the nitrogenase was not consumed by uptake hydrogenase leading to higher hydrogen production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3056-3060
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume33
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

Fingerprint

hydrogen production
Hydrogen production
Hydrogen
hydrogen
Nitrogenase
genes
Genes
mutagenesis
Mutagenesis
Gentamicins
cells
bacteria
enzymes
Bacteria
Enzymes
Gases
uptake hydrogenase
membranes
Membranes
gases

Keywords

  • Biohydrogen
  • Genetic modification
  • Rhodobacter sphaeroides
  • Site directed mutagenesis
  • Uptake hydrogenase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Improved hydrogen production by uptake hydrogenase deficient mutant strain of Rhodobacter sphaeroides O.U.001. / Kars, Gökhan; Gündüz, Ufuk; Rákhely, G.; Yücel, Meral; Eroǧlu, Inci; Kovács, K.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 33, No. 12, 06.2008, p. 3056-3060.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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