A strong connection between spondylarthropathies and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is well established. About 10–15 % of IBD are associated with different forms of spondylarthritis. Arthritis can be manifested as axial, peripheral form or both. The primary functions of the gastrointestinal tract are digestion and absorption of nutrients, electrocytes and maintenance of water homoeostasis. The anatomic and functional lesions could lead to the development of IBD based on molecular mimicry and bystander effects. The mechanism of the macromolecules is uptaken may affect intestinal and extraintestinal manifestation in genetically susceptible individuals by gut-associated lymphoid tissue, the interplay between innate and adaptive immunity and the neuroendocrine network.
- Intestinal microenvironment
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