Implications between generalized convexity properties of real functions

Tibor Kiss, Zsolt Páles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Motivated by the well-known implications among t-convexity properties of real functions, analogous relations among the upper and lower M-convexity properties of real functions are established. More precisely, having an n-tuple (M1, ..., Mn) of continuous two-variable means, the notion of the descendant of these means (which is also an n-tuple (N1, ..., Nn) of two-variable means) is introduced. In particular, when all the means Mi are weighted arithmetic, then the components of their descendants are also weighted arithmetic means. More general statements are obtained in terms of the generalized quasi-arithmetic or Matkowski means. The main results then state that if a function f is Mi-convex for all i∈{1, ..., n}, then it is also Ni-convex for all i∈{1, ..., n}. Several consequences are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1852-1874
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2016


  • Convexity with respect to a mean
  • Descendant of means
  • Divided differences
  • Fixed point theorems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Applied Mathematics

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