Impact of the stringency of cell selection on plastid segregation in protoplast fusion-derived Nicotiana regenerates

R. Malone, G. V. Horváth, A. Cséplő, B. Búzás, P. J. Dix, P. Medgyesy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vegetative segregation of a mixed plastid population in protoplast fusion-derived cell lines can be directed by a selection favouring the multiplication of one of the parental plastid types. This report defines some of the critical conditions leading to a homogeneous plastid population in cybrid plants generated by protoplast fusion between Nicotiana plumbaginifolia and an albino and streptomycin-resistant N. tabacum plastid mutant. Light (1,500 lx) conferred a strong selective advantage to chloroplasts versus albino plastids, while the lack of this effect in dim light (300 lx) indicated that a sufficient light intensity is essential to the phenomenon. Selection on streptomycin-containing medium in the dark, however, led to the preferential multiplication of resistant plastids. Streptomycin selection of resistant chloroplasts in the light, consequently, results in a plastid selection of doubled stringency. In another experiment a definite, but leaky, selection for chloroplast recombination (selection for greening on streptomycin-containing medium in dim light) was used to reveal various recombination products. Protoplast fusion in fact resulted in cybrid plants showing only simple chimeric segregation of unchanged parental plastids. These results demonstrate the essential requirement for stringent plastid selection, as defined by cell culture conditions, to precede the formation of shoots expected to possess the desired plastid genetic composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)866-873
Number of pages8
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume84
Issue number7-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1992

Keywords

  • Nicotiana
  • Plastid genetic markers
  • Plastid segregation
  • Plastid selection
  • Protoplast fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

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