Impact of intensity discretization on textural indices of [18F]FDG-PET tumour heterogeneity in lung cancer patients

Attila Forgács, Monika Béresová, Ildikó Garai, Martin L. Lassen, Thomas Beyer, Matthew D. Difranco, Ervin Berényi, László Balkay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Quantifying tumour heterogeneity from [18F]FDG-PET images promises benefits for treatment selection of cancer patients. Here, the calculation of texture parameters mandates an initial discretization step (binning) to reduce the number of intensity levels. Typically, three types of discrimination methods are used: lesion relative resampling (LRR) with fixed bin number, lesion absolute resampling (LAR) and absolute resampling (AR) with fixed bin widths. We investigated the effects of varying bin widths or bin number using 27 commonly cited local and regional texture indices (TIs) applied on lung tumour volumes. The data set were extracted from 58 lung cancer patients, with three different and robust tumour segmentation methods. In our cohort, the variations of the mean value as the function of the bin widths were similar for TIs calculated with LAR and AR quantification. The TI histograms calculated by LRR method showed distinct behaviour and its numerical values substantially effected by the selected bin number. The correlations of the AR and LAR based TIs demonstrated no principal differences between these methods. However, no correlation was found for the interrelationship between the TIs calculated by LRR and LAR (or AR) discretization method. Visual classification of the texture was also performed for each lesion. This classification analysis revealed that the parameters show statistically significant correlation with the visual score, if LAR or AR discretization method is considered, in contrast to LRR. Moreover, all the resulted tendencies were similar regardless the segmentation methods and the type of textural features involved in this work.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125016
JournalPhysics in medicine and biology
Volume64
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 20 2019

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Keywords

  • 18F-FDG-PET
  • quantization
  • radiomics
  • texture analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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