Impact of documented land use changes on the surface albedo and evapotranspiration in a plain watershed

J. Mika, Sz Horváth, L. Makra

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Agricultural land use series are investigated in a plain catchment area of the Tisza River, almost identically represented by six administrative counties. Each county, commonly covering 34,000 km2, is characterised by high percentage (70-80 %) of managed vegetation. Effects of area coverage variations between the different plants are computed for the period 1951-1993 by applying results of a literature-based syntheses, specified for Hungary. The latter studies estimate surface-albedo values and proportion between real and potential evapotranspiration for the great majority of the plants grown in the region. Potential evapotranspiration and relative soil moisture content are estimated from the monthly meteorological series of temperature, precipitation and atmospheric water vapour pressure. Product of these plant-specific characteristics and the relative area coverage yield in monthly series of surface albedo and real evapotranspiration. Furthermore, these values are related to the energy balance of the surface-atmosphere system by using a radiative-convective model adjusted for the given location. Two questions are investigated: i) Are there monotonous trends in the given terms of the energy and water budget ? ii) Are these changes comparable to the effects caused by other external forcings ? Our computations give positive answer to both questions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-606
Number of pages6
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part B: Hydrology, Oceans and Atmosphere
Volume26
Issue number7-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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land use change
albedo
evapotranspiration
potential evapotranspiration
watershed
energy budget
vapor pressure
energy balance
water budget
moisture content
water vapor
agricultural land
soil moisture
land use
atmosphere
vegetation
river
plain
temperature
county

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Agricultural land use series are investigated in a plain catchment area of the Tisza River, almost identically represented by six administrative counties. Each county, commonly covering 34,000 km2, is characterised by high percentage (70-80 {\%}) of managed vegetation. Effects of area coverage variations between the different plants are computed for the period 1951-1993 by applying results of a literature-based syntheses, specified for Hungary. The latter studies estimate surface-albedo values and proportion between real and potential evapotranspiration for the great majority of the plants grown in the region. Potential evapotranspiration and relative soil moisture content are estimated from the monthly meteorological series of temperature, precipitation and atmospheric water vapour pressure. Product of these plant-specific characteristics and the relative area coverage yield in monthly series of surface albedo and real evapotranspiration. Furthermore, these values are related to the energy balance of the surface-atmosphere system by using a radiative-convective model adjusted for the given location. Two questions are investigated: i) Are there monotonous trends in the given terms of the energy and water budget ? ii) Are these changes comparable to the effects caused by other external forcings ? Our computations give positive answer to both questions.",
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AU - Makra, L.

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AB - Agricultural land use series are investigated in a plain catchment area of the Tisza River, almost identically represented by six administrative counties. Each county, commonly covering 34,000 km2, is characterised by high percentage (70-80 %) of managed vegetation. Effects of area coverage variations between the different plants are computed for the period 1951-1993 by applying results of a literature-based syntheses, specified for Hungary. The latter studies estimate surface-albedo values and proportion between real and potential evapotranspiration for the great majority of the plants grown in the region. Potential evapotranspiration and relative soil moisture content are estimated from the monthly meteorological series of temperature, precipitation and atmospheric water vapour pressure. Product of these plant-specific characteristics and the relative area coverage yield in monthly series of surface albedo and real evapotranspiration. Furthermore, these values are related to the energy balance of the surface-atmosphere system by using a radiative-convective model adjusted for the given location. Two questions are investigated: i) Are there monotonous trends in the given terms of the energy and water budget ? ii) Are these changes comparable to the effects caused by other external forcings ? Our computations give positive answer to both questions.

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