Impact of blood glucose values in patients with and without insulin treatment following paediatric cardiac surgery

T. Breuer, E. Sápi, I. L. Hartyánszky, Zs Cserép, P. Vargha, A. Treszl, M. Kertai, J. Gál, M. Tóth, A. Szatmári, A. Székely

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate the associations of blood glucose (BG) parameters and postoperative complications following paediatric cardiac surgery in the presence and absence of insulin treatment.Methods: Prospectively collected perioperative data on 810 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for congenital heart disease were retrospectively analysed. A combined outcome of death and multiple organ dysfunction (any two of the followings: infectious, cardiac, pulmonary, renal or neurological complications) was considered as the endpoint.Results: In total, 110 patients developed the combined endpoint and 32 of these patients died during the perioperative period. Patients treated with insulin were younger, smaller and underwent more complex procedures. They had higher peak BG levels and higher daily BG fluctuation, however, BG parameters were not associated with adverse outcome. In patients without insulin treatment, peak BG values higher than 250 mg/dl (OR, 7.65; 95% CI, 1.06-55.17; p=0.043) and BG fluctuation exceeding the level of 150 mg/dl (10.72; 1.74-65.90 p=0.010) on the first postoperative day were independently associated with the combined endpoint.Conclusions: Peak BG level and BG fluctuation on the first postoperative day were associated with the combined endpoint of complications and death but these results were only confined to patients without insulin treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-16
Number of pages7
JournalInterventional Medicine and Applied Science
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2010

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Thoracic Surgery
Blood Glucose
Insulin
Pediatrics
Therapeutics
Perioperative Period
Heart Diseases
Kidney
Lung

Keywords

  • blood glucose
  • congenital heart defects
  • insulin
  • morbidity
  • mortality
  • paediatric critical care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Impact of blood glucose values in patients with and without insulin treatment following paediatric cardiac surgery. / Breuer, T.; Sápi, E.; Hartyánszky, I. L.; Cserép, Zs; Vargha, P.; Treszl, A.; Kertai, M.; Gál, J.; Tóth, M.; Szatmári, A.; Székely, A.

In: Interventional Medicine and Applied Science, Vol. 2, No. 1, 01.03.2010, p. 10-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Breuer, T. ; Sápi, E. ; Hartyánszky, I. L. ; Cserép, Zs ; Vargha, P. ; Treszl, A. ; Kertai, M. ; Gál, J. ; Tóth, M. ; Szatmári, A. ; Székely, A. / Impact of blood glucose values in patients with and without insulin treatment following paediatric cardiac surgery. In: Interventional Medicine and Applied Science. 2010 ; Vol. 2, No. 1. pp. 10-16.
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