Immunologic and molecular biologic studies of prion proteins in bovine spongiform encephalopathy

Stanley B. Prusiner, Miklós Füzi, Michael Scott, Dan Serban, Hana Serban, Albert Taraboulos, Jean Marc Gabriel, Gerald A.H. Wells, John W. Wilesmith, Raymond Bradley, Stephen J. DeArmond, Krister Kristensson

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Abstract

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) is a transmissible neurodegenerative disease. Six brain regions from 11 cattle were examined for the presence of the abnormal isoform of the prion protein (PrPBSE). The highest concentrations of PrpBSE were found in the brain stem, where the greatest degree of spongiform change was observed. Molecular cloning of the bovine PrP gene showed that it encodes a protein of 256 or 264 amino acids with five or six Gly:Pro-rich octarepeats, respectively, in contrast to all other mammalian PrP genes, which encode only five octarepeats. The bovine PrP gene is single copy, and the entire open-reading frame lies within a single exon. Since the transmission of prions across species seems to be restricted by differencesin PrP sequence, the high degree of homology between sheep and bovine PrP (98%) correlates with the proposed cause of BSE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)602-613
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume167
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1993

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Prusiner, S. B., Füzi, M., Scott, M., Serban, D., Serban, H., Taraboulos, A., Gabriel, J. M., Wells, G. A. H., Wilesmith, J. W., Bradley, R., DeArmond, S. J., & Kristensson, K. (1993). Immunologic and molecular biologic studies of prion proteins in bovine spongiform encephalopathy. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 167(3), 602-613. https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/167.3.602