Immediate neuronal preconditioning by NS1619

Tamás Gáspár, Ferenc Domoki, Laura Lenti, Prasad V.G. Katakam, James A. Snipes, Ferenc Bari, David W. Busija

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32 Citations (Scopus)


The objectives of our present experiments were to determine whether the BKCa channel agonist NS1619 is able to induce immediate preconditioning in cultured rat cortical neurons and to elucidate the role of BKCa channels in the initiation of immediate preconditioning. NS1619 depolarized mitochondria and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, but neither of these effects was inhibited by BKCa channel antagonists. NS1619 also activated the extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling pathways. One-hour treatment with NS1619 induced immediate protection against glutamate excitotoxicity (viability 24 h after glutamate exposure: control, 58.45 ± 0.95%; NS1619 50 μM, 78.99 ± 0.90%*; NS1619 100 μM, 86.89 ± 1.20%*; NS1619 150 μM, 93.23 ± 1.23%*; mean ± SEM; *p < 0.05 vs. control; n = 16-32). Eliminating ROS during the preconditioning phase effectively blocked the development of cytoprotection. In contrast, the BKCa channel blockers iberiotoxin and paxilline, the phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin, the protein kinase C blocker chelerythrine, and the mitogen activated protein kinase antagonist PD98059 were unable to antagonize the immediate neuroprotective effect. Finally, preconditioning with NS1619 reduced the calcium load and ROS surge upon glutamate exposure and increased superoxide dismutase activity. Our results indicate that NS1619 is an effective inducer of immediate neuronal preconditioning, but the neuroprotective effect is independent of the activation of BKCa channels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-207
Number of pages12
JournalBrain research
Publication statusPublished - Aug 18 2009



  • BK channel
  • Glutamate
  • Mitochondria
  • Neuroprotection
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

Gáspár, T., Domoki, F., Lenti, L., Katakam, P. V. G., Snipes, J. A., Bari, F., & Busija, D. W. (2009). Immediate neuronal preconditioning by NS1619. Brain research, 1285, 196-207.