Imaging the electronic Wigner crystal in one dimension

I. Shapir, A. Hamo, S. Pecker, C. P. Moca, O. Legeza, G. Zaránd, S. Ilani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The quantum crystal of electrons, predicted more than 80 years ago by Eugene Wigner, remains one of the most elusive states of matter. In this study, we observed the one-dimensional Wigner crystal directly by imaging its charge density in real space. To image, with minimal invasiveness, the many-body electronic density of a carbon nanotube, we used another nanotube as a scanning-charge perturbation. The images we obtained of a few electrons confined in one dimension match the theoretical predictions for strongly interacting crystals. The quantum nature of the crystal emerges in the observed collective tunneling through a potential barrier. These experiments provide the direct evidence for the formation of small Wigner crystals and open the way for studying other fragile interacting states by imaging their many-body density in real space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)870-875
Number of pages6
JournalScience
Volume364
Issue number6443
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Imaging the electronic Wigner crystal in one dimension'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Shapir, I., Hamo, A., Pecker, S., Moca, C. P., Legeza, O., Zaránd, G., & Ilani, S. (2019). Imaging the electronic Wigner crystal in one dimension. Science, 364(6443), 870-875. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat0905