IgE-containing cells in gastric mucosa with and without Helicobacter pylori infection

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gastric mucosa responds with inflammation to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. While numerous reports have shown that the immune system produces specific IgG, IgA, and IgM isotype anti H. pylori antibodies, IgE-mediated pathways of H. pylori-associated gastritis are mostly unknown. Our aim was to evaluate whether an increased presence of IgE in the antral gastric mucosa is responsible for the severity of the H. pylori-associated gastritis. The number of IgE-containing cells was estimated in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded antral gastric biopsy specimens using immunohistochemistry in three groups of patients: (i) 20 H. pylori-positive cases with moderate inflammation, (ii) 19 H. pylori-negative cases with moderate inflammation, and (iii) 19 H. pylori-negative cases with normal mucosa. In chronic gastritis, the number of IgE-positive cells increased significantly as compared to normal mucosa. In gastritic patients, H. pylori positivity was accompanied by a significant accumulation of IgE-positive cells, mainly plasma cells. These data suggest that IgE-mediated immune response probably plays an important role in the development of H. pylori-associated gastritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-834
Number of pages4
JournalPathology Research and Practice
Volume196
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Helicobacter Infections
Gastric Mucosa
Helicobacter pylori
Immunoglobulin E
Gastritis
Inflammation
Mucous Membrane
Plasma Cells
Paraffin
Immunoglobulin A
Formaldehyde
Immune System
Stomach
Immunoglobulin G
Immunohistochemistry
Biopsy
Antibodies

Keywords

  • Eosinophils
  • Gastritis
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • IgE
  • Mast cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

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title = "IgE-containing cells in gastric mucosa with and without Helicobacter pylori infection",
abstract = "Gastric mucosa responds with inflammation to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. While numerous reports have shown that the immune system produces specific IgG, IgA, and IgM isotype anti H. pylori antibodies, IgE-mediated pathways of H. pylori-associated gastritis are mostly unknown. Our aim was to evaluate whether an increased presence of IgE in the antral gastric mucosa is responsible for the severity of the H. pylori-associated gastritis. The number of IgE-containing cells was estimated in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded antral gastric biopsy specimens using immunohistochemistry in three groups of patients: (i) 20 H. pylori-positive cases with moderate inflammation, (ii) 19 H. pylori-negative cases with moderate inflammation, and (iii) 19 H. pylori-negative cases with normal mucosa. In chronic gastritis, the number of IgE-positive cells increased significantly as compared to normal mucosa. In gastritic patients, H. pylori positivity was accompanied by a significant accumulation of IgE-positive cells, mainly plasma cells. These data suggest that IgE-mediated immune response probably plays an important role in the development of H. pylori-associated gastritis.",
keywords = "Eosinophils, Gastritis, Helicobacter pylori, IgE, Mast cells",
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T1 - IgE-containing cells in gastric mucosa with and without Helicobacter pylori infection

AU - Berczi, L.

AU - Sebestyén, A.

AU - Fekete, B.

AU - Tamássy, K.

AU - Kópper, L.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Gastric mucosa responds with inflammation to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. While numerous reports have shown that the immune system produces specific IgG, IgA, and IgM isotype anti H. pylori antibodies, IgE-mediated pathways of H. pylori-associated gastritis are mostly unknown. Our aim was to evaluate whether an increased presence of IgE in the antral gastric mucosa is responsible for the severity of the H. pylori-associated gastritis. The number of IgE-containing cells was estimated in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded antral gastric biopsy specimens using immunohistochemistry in three groups of patients: (i) 20 H. pylori-positive cases with moderate inflammation, (ii) 19 H. pylori-negative cases with moderate inflammation, and (iii) 19 H. pylori-negative cases with normal mucosa. In chronic gastritis, the number of IgE-positive cells increased significantly as compared to normal mucosa. In gastritic patients, H. pylori positivity was accompanied by a significant accumulation of IgE-positive cells, mainly plasma cells. These data suggest that IgE-mediated immune response probably plays an important role in the development of H. pylori-associated gastritis.

AB - Gastric mucosa responds with inflammation to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. While numerous reports have shown that the immune system produces specific IgG, IgA, and IgM isotype anti H. pylori antibodies, IgE-mediated pathways of H. pylori-associated gastritis are mostly unknown. Our aim was to evaluate whether an increased presence of IgE in the antral gastric mucosa is responsible for the severity of the H. pylori-associated gastritis. The number of IgE-containing cells was estimated in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded antral gastric biopsy specimens using immunohistochemistry in three groups of patients: (i) 20 H. pylori-positive cases with moderate inflammation, (ii) 19 H. pylori-negative cases with moderate inflammation, and (iii) 19 H. pylori-negative cases with normal mucosa. In chronic gastritis, the number of IgE-positive cells increased significantly as compared to normal mucosa. In gastritic patients, H. pylori positivity was accompanied by a significant accumulation of IgE-positive cells, mainly plasma cells. These data suggest that IgE-mediated immune response probably plays an important role in the development of H. pylori-associated gastritis.

KW - Eosinophils

KW - Gastritis

KW - Helicobacter pylori

KW - IgE

KW - Mast cells

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