Identification of triterpenes and Β-sitosterol in the bark of plane tree extracts

Szabina Plánder, Blanka Simon, S. Béni, Ágnes Alberti, A. Kéry, Edit Székely

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Plane tree is planted as ornamental tree in urban areas. This tree naturally sheds its bark during the spring; however, the shed bark is commonly regarded as a waste material without any significant application. On the other hand, the bark of plane tree may be an important source of industrially relevant compounds, most notably betulinic acid. In our study a Supercritical Fluid Ultra Performance Convergence Chromatography (UPC 2 ) system coupled with Evaporative Light Scattering Detector (ELSD), along with conventional HPLC, GC-MS and NMR were successfully utilized to analyze triterpenes in the extracts from the bark of plane tree. We show that not only betulinic acid, but other important triterpenes: betulin, betulinic aldehyde and Β-sitosterol are also present in the extract of the plane tree bark. Among these the main compound is betulinic acid, with up to an order of magnitude larger concentration than the other constituents. The applied extraction method has a significant role on the concentration of the different compounds in the extracts. Most notably, neat scCO 2 is not suitable to extract the polar betulinic acid, however betulin and betulinic aldehyde can be extracted selectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-347
Number of pages8
JournalPeriodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019



  • Bark of plane tree
  • Betulin derivates
  • Supercritical fluid chromatography
  • UPC
  • Β-sitosterol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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