Identification of primary teeth by 'MICAP'-a new tooth notation system

Ashfaq Akram, Thirupathi Rao Vishnumukkala, Shameen Tariq, Maher D. Fuad Fuad, Srilakshmi Vishnumukkala, M. Madléna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background Various tooth notations are taught and demonstrated to students in undergraduate dental programme. Aim to identify the primary teeth using a new notation 'MICAP' (M-molar, I -incisor, C- canine, P - premolar) as dental charting tool. Subjects & methods A mock dental charting based on MICAP format was developed. Undergraduate dental students (N = 176) divided into Group A [(pre clinical) n = 85] and Group B [ (clinical) n = 91], identified & notified five randomly selected primary teeth after MICAP demonstration by video and lecture. Pearson chi square test was used to analyse the data. Results Approximately ≥80% students correctly notified the teeth in MICAP format. Group B, comparing to A, had a better association to recognize #2dM [X2, 95% CI: 11.82, 0.278 (0.131, 0.591), p = 0.001] as mandibular deciduous right 2nd molar and write correctly 'Maxillary deciduous left 2nd molar' [X2, 95% CI: 16.98, 0.186 (0.79, 0.437), p = 2]. In addition, group B had more association (X2: 18.8, P = 0.001) on the response 'MICAP could be adopted in dental charting'. Conclusion Primary teeth could be identified by new notation (MICAP) format by undergraduate dental students. However, study module in dental curriculum and further more data are required before it may serve an alternate method of dental charting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-44
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Dental Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2015



  • Canine
  • Deciduous teeth
  • Dental charting
  • Dental notation
  • Incisor
  • Molar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Akram, A., Vishnumukkala, T. R., Tariq, S., Fuad Fuad, M. D., Vishnumukkala, S., & Madléna, M. (2015). Identification of primary teeth by 'MICAP'-a new tooth notation system. Pediatric Dental Journal, 25(2), 39-44.