Identification of chromosome regions involved in the genetic regulation of tillering in Barley: (Hordeum vulgare L.)

I. Karsai, K. Mészáros, L. Láng, Z. Bedo

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Abstract

Tillering ability is a complex trait, the development of which is influenced by both environmental factors and complex genetic regulation. In the present experiments this complex regulation was dissected into its various components in an effort to separate the effect on tillering of major genes influencing ontogeny from that of other genomic factors. The tillering rate of a facultative × winter barley mapping population was examined in the field after autumn and spring sowing. The vernalisation sensitivity gene Vrn-H2 exerted a considerable influence on tillering in spring-sown barley. In addition to the major genes, QTL analysis revealed two chromosome regions (1HS and 3HL) with a significant influence on the extent of tillering. Neither of these regions were involved in the regulation of heading date, and their effect on tillering was the most intense at the beginning of ontogeny, gradually declining as the influence of the Vrn-H2 gene increased. The function of the Vrn-H2 locus in the regulation of tillering is manifested partly through a direct effect on the transition from the vegetative to the generative phase and partly indirectly via epistatic regulation of other chromosome regions influencing tillering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-23
Number of pages9
JournalActa Agronomica Hungarica
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Barley
  • Genetic regulation
  • QTL
  • Tillering
  • Vrn-H2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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