Identification and nomenclature of the genus Penicillium

C. M. Visagie, J. Houbraken, J. C. Frisvad, S. B. Hong, C. H W Klaassen, G. Perrone, K. A. Seifert, J. Varga, T. Yaguchi, R. A. Samson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

215 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Penicillium is a diverse genus occurring worldwide and its species play important roles as decomposers of organic materials and cause destructive rots in the food industry where they produce a wide range of mycotoxins. Other species are considered enzyme factories or are common indoor air allergens. Although DNA sequences are essential for robust identification of Penicillium species, there is currently no comprehensive, verified reference database for the genus. To coincide with the move to one fungus one name in the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants, the generic concept of Penicillium was re-defined to accommodate species from other genera, such as Chromocleista, Eladia, Eupenicillium, Torulomyces and Thysanophora, which together comprise a large monophyletic clade. As a result of this, and the many new species described in recent years, it was necessary to update the list of accepted species in Penicillium. The genus currently contains 354 accepted species, including new combinations for Aspergillus crystallinus, A. malodoratus and A. paradoxus, which belong to Penicillium section Paradoxa. To add to the taxonomic value of the list, we also provide information on each accepted species MycoBank number, living ex-type strains and provide GenBank accession numbers to ITS, β-tubulin, calmodulin and RPB2 sequences, thereby supplying a verified set of sequences for each species of the genus. In addition to the nomenclatural list, we recommend a standard working method for species descriptions and identifications to be adopted by laboratories working on this genus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-371
Number of pages29
JournalStudies in Mycology
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Penicillium
Terminology
algae
Eupenicillium
Fungi
fungi
Mycotoxins
Food Industry
Nucleic Acid Databases
calmodulin
Aspergillus
Calmodulin
Tubulin
allergens
tubulin
factories
Allergens
mycotoxins
new combination
Names

Keywords

  • Aspergillaceae
  • Fungal identification
  • Media
  • Nomenclature
  • Phylogeny

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Visagie, C. M., Houbraken, J., Frisvad, J. C., Hong, S. B., Klaassen, C. H. W., Perrone, G., ... Samson, R. A. (2014). Identification and nomenclature of the genus Penicillium. Studies in Mycology, 78(1), 343-371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.simyco.2014.09.001

Identification and nomenclature of the genus Penicillium. / Visagie, C. M.; Houbraken, J.; Frisvad, J. C.; Hong, S. B.; Klaassen, C. H W; Perrone, G.; Seifert, K. A.; Varga, J.; Yaguchi, T.; Samson, R. A.

In: Studies in Mycology, Vol. 78, No. 1, 2014, p. 343-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Visagie, CM, Houbraken, J, Frisvad, JC, Hong, SB, Klaassen, CHW, Perrone, G, Seifert, KA, Varga, J, Yaguchi, T & Samson, RA 2014, 'Identification and nomenclature of the genus Penicillium', Studies in Mycology, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 343-371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.simyco.2014.09.001
Visagie CM, Houbraken J, Frisvad JC, Hong SB, Klaassen CHW, Perrone G et al. Identification and nomenclature of the genus Penicillium. Studies in Mycology. 2014;78(1):343-371. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.simyco.2014.09.001
Visagie, C. M. ; Houbraken, J. ; Frisvad, J. C. ; Hong, S. B. ; Klaassen, C. H W ; Perrone, G. ; Seifert, K. A. ; Varga, J. ; Yaguchi, T. ; Samson, R. A. / Identification and nomenclature of the genus Penicillium. In: Studies in Mycology. 2014 ; Vol. 78, No. 1. pp. 343-371.
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