The effect of ibogaine hydrochloride on locomotor stimulation induced by d-amphetamine sulfate was tested in male C57BL/6By mice and in female Sprague-Dawley rats. In mice, locomotor stimulation induced by d-amphetamine at 1 or 5 mg/kg s.c. was reduced by prior administration of one or two injections of ibogaine (40 mg/kg), given 2 or 18 hours earlier. This reduction in locomotor activity persisted for two days. Locomotor stimulation induced by a higher dose (10 mg/kg) of d-amphetamine was not reduced by such prior administration of ibogaine. A lower dose of ibogaine (20 mg/kg) did not reduce the subsequent locomotor activity induced by d-amphetamine. Ibogaine decreased striatal dopamine levels, while d-amphetamine increased them. Ibogaine treatment (2 × 40 mg/kg, 18 hours apart) induced a decrease by 30% in the level of striatal dopamine and its metabolites measured in tissue extracts 3 hours after the second ibogaine injection. One hour after d-amphetamine (5 mg/kg) administration, the level of striatal dopamine increased by 26%. Although the level of striatal dopamine was initially lower in the ibogaine-pretreated mice, d-amphetamine (5 mg/kg) administration induced an increase in striatal dopamine and its metabolites. The effect of ibogaine seems to be species specific, since in rats pretreated with ibogaine 18 hours before d-amphetamine, locomotor stimulation induced by d-amphetamine was further increased. In addition, the in vitro electrical-evoked release of [3H]dopamine from striatal tissue was either unchanged or inhibited in the presence of d-amphetamine, and after ibogaine pretreatment in vivo, the release of tritium in the presence of d-amphetamine was inhibited or stimulated in mice and rats, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)