Aims: The present study evaluates the impact of hypoxia-related carbonic anhydrase IX and XII isoenzyme expression as a basic adaptive mechanism to neutralise intracellular acidosis in classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL). Methods and results: Eighty-one primary biopsies and 15 relapsed tissue samples diagnosed with cHL were analysed for necrosis, CAIX and CAXII expression and cell proliferation to compare hypoxia-related histological and functional data with survival characteristics. Variable, but highly selective cell membrane CAIX expression could be demonstrated in Hodgkin–Reed–Sternberg (HRS) cells in 39 of 81 samples (48.1%), while virtually no staining presented in their microenvironment. In contrast, CAXII expression in HRS cells could be demonstrated in only 18 of 77 samples (23.4%), with significant stromal positivity (50 of 77, 64.9%). The CAIX + positive phenotype was strongly associated with lymphocyte depletion (four of four, 100%) and nodular sclerosis (29 of 51, 56.9%) subtypes. CAIX/Ki-67 dual immunohistochemistry demonstrated suppressed cell proliferation in CAIX + positive compared to CAIX − negative HRS cells (P < 0.001). Seventy-two months’ progression-free survival (PFS) was significantly lower for the CAIX positive group (0.192) compared with the CAIX negative group (0.771) (P < 0.001), while the overall survival (OS) did not differ (P = 0.097). Conclusion: Hypoxic stress-related adaptation – highlighted by CAIX expression – results in cellular quiescence in HRS cells, potentially contributing to the short-term failure of the standard chemotherapy in cHL.
- cell cycle
- Hodgkin's lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine