Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis-regulated stress response and negative feedback sensitivity is altered by prenatal morphine exposure in adult female rats

Romana Šlamberová, A. Rimanóczy, Michelle A. Riley, Ilona Vathya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been shown that adult female rats react to stressors more intensely than adult male rats. Our previous work demonstrated that the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) but not corticosterone (CORT) response to stress is altered by prenatal morphine exposure in adult male rats. Response of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis to stress is known to be sex specific and dependent on the hormonal fluctuation of the estrous cycle. Therefore, the present study examined the effect of prenatal morphine exposure on the levels of ACTH and CORT before and after restraint stress in adult female rats. Experiment 1 tested ACTH and CORT plasma levels before and after restraint stress in prenatally morphine- and saline-exposed, adult diestrus and proestrus female rats. Prenatal morphine exposure suppressed the restraint stress-induced ACTH levels in both diestrus and proestrus females, but did not have any effects on the basal or stress-induced CORT levels. Experiment 2 examined the sensitivity of negative feedback using the dexamethasone (DEX) (0.001, 0.01, 0.1 and 1.0 mg/kg) suppression test in adult, prenatally morphine-and saline-exposed female rats. In saline-exposed, proestrus but not diestrus females, all doses of DEX were effective in suppressing the restraint stress-induced increase in CORT levels. In both diestrus and proestrus, morphine-exposed females, only the two highest doses of DEX (0.1 and 1.0 mg/kg) were successfully suppressing the stress-induced CORT levels. The stress-induced increase in the ACTH level was suppressed only by the highest dose of DEX (1.0 mg/kg) in both saline- and morphine-exposed, diestrus and proestrus females. Thus, the present study demonstrates that prenatal morphine exposure alters the HPA axis-regulated stress response and the sensitivity of negative feedback that are affected by the fluctuation of ovarian hormones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-200
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroendocrinology
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Morphine
Diestrus
Proestrus
Corticosterone
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Dexamethasone
Estrous Cycle
Hormones

Keywords

  • Adrenal steroids
  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone
  • Glucocorticoid
  • Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis
  • Morphine
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis-regulated stress response and negative feedback sensitivity is altered by prenatal morphine exposure in adult female rats. / Šlamberová, Romana; Rimanóczy, A.; Riley, Michelle A.; Vathya, Ilona.

In: Neuroendocrinology, Vol. 80, No. 3, 2004, p. 192-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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