Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nucleus Lesions Differentially Affect Serotonin-1A (5-HT1A) and 5-HT2 Receptor Agonist-Induced Oxytocin, Prolactin, and Corticosterone Responses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of receptor subtypes mediate hormonal responses to serotonin (5-HT). To test the hypothesis that the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) mediates 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptor-mediated oxytocin, PRL, and corticosterone responses we studied the effects of the 5-HT1A agonist ipsapirone and the 5-HT2A/2C agonist 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)2-aminopropane (DOI) after surgical PVN lesions or sham operations. Chronically cannulated, conscious, freely moving, male Wistar rats were injected iv (1 mg/kg) shortly after (3-4 days) and 5 weeks after (35-37 days) the operations. In sham-operated rats, ipsapirone caused marked elevations in plasma PRL and corticosterone, but not oxytocin concentrations whereas DOI increased plasma concentrations of all three hormones. Short term PVN lesions prevented ipsapirone-induced corticosterone and DOI-induced oxytocin responses. DOI-induced PRL and corticosterone responses were also markedly inhibited 3-4 days after lesioning, although small rises over the baseline values were still observed. The ipsapirone-induced PRL response was unaffected by the lesioning. Five weeks after PVN lesioning partial recoveries were observed in ipsapirone- and DOI-induced corticosterone and DOI-induced oxytocin responses, whereas DOI-induced PRL responses remained suppressed. The present findings suggest that the PVN or neural pathways close to it mediate oxytocin, PRL, and corticosterone responses to the 5-HT2 receptor agonist DOI as well as corticosterone, but not PRL, responses to the 5-HT1A receptor agonist ipsapirone. The results after long term PVN lesioning show that the oxytocin and corticosterone responses may be partially restored with time after lesioning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1127-1131
Number of pages5
JournalEndocrinology
Volume134
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1994

Fingerprint

Serotonin 5-HT2 Receptor Agonists
Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus
Oxytocin
Corticosterone
Prolactin
Serotonin
Serotonin 5-HT1 Receptor Agonists
Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1A
Neural Pathways
ipsapirone
Wistar Rats
Hormones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

@article{17596e0e597544a5b7386e27b77031e7,
title = "Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nucleus Lesions Differentially Affect Serotonin-1A (5-HT1A) and 5-HT2 Receptor Agonist-Induced Oxytocin, Prolactin, and Corticosterone Responses",
abstract = "A number of receptor subtypes mediate hormonal responses to serotonin (5-HT). To test the hypothesis that the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) mediates 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptor-mediated oxytocin, PRL, and corticosterone responses we studied the effects of the 5-HT1A agonist ipsapirone and the 5-HT2A/2C agonist 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)2-aminopropane (DOI) after surgical PVN lesions or sham operations. Chronically cannulated, conscious, freely moving, male Wistar rats were injected iv (1 mg/kg) shortly after (3-4 days) and 5 weeks after (35-37 days) the operations. In sham-operated rats, ipsapirone caused marked elevations in plasma PRL and corticosterone, but not oxytocin concentrations whereas DOI increased plasma concentrations of all three hormones. Short term PVN lesions prevented ipsapirone-induced corticosterone and DOI-induced oxytocin responses. DOI-induced PRL and corticosterone responses were also markedly inhibited 3-4 days after lesioning, although small rises over the baseline values were still observed. The ipsapirone-induced PRL response was unaffected by the lesioning. Five weeks after PVN lesioning partial recoveries were observed in ipsapirone- and DOI-induced corticosterone and DOI-induced oxytocin responses, whereas DOI-induced PRL responses remained suppressed. The present findings suggest that the PVN or neural pathways close to it mediate oxytocin, PRL, and corticosterone responses to the 5-HT2 receptor agonist DOI as well as corticosterone, but not PRL, responses to the 5-HT1A receptor agonist ipsapirone. The results after long term PVN lesioning show that the oxytocin and corticosterone responses may be partially restored with time after lesioning.",
author = "G. Bagdy and G. Makara",
year = "1994",
month = "3",
language = "English",
volume = "134",
pages = "1127--1131",
journal = "Endocrinology",
issn = "0013-7227",
publisher = "The Endocrine Society",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nucleus Lesions Differentially Affect Serotonin-1A (5-HT1A) and 5-HT2 Receptor Agonist-Induced Oxytocin, Prolactin, and Corticosterone Responses

AU - Bagdy, G.

AU - Makara, G.

PY - 1994/3

Y1 - 1994/3

N2 - A number of receptor subtypes mediate hormonal responses to serotonin (5-HT). To test the hypothesis that the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) mediates 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptor-mediated oxytocin, PRL, and corticosterone responses we studied the effects of the 5-HT1A agonist ipsapirone and the 5-HT2A/2C agonist 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)2-aminopropane (DOI) after surgical PVN lesions or sham operations. Chronically cannulated, conscious, freely moving, male Wistar rats were injected iv (1 mg/kg) shortly after (3-4 days) and 5 weeks after (35-37 days) the operations. In sham-operated rats, ipsapirone caused marked elevations in plasma PRL and corticosterone, but not oxytocin concentrations whereas DOI increased plasma concentrations of all three hormones. Short term PVN lesions prevented ipsapirone-induced corticosterone and DOI-induced oxytocin responses. DOI-induced PRL and corticosterone responses were also markedly inhibited 3-4 days after lesioning, although small rises over the baseline values were still observed. The ipsapirone-induced PRL response was unaffected by the lesioning. Five weeks after PVN lesioning partial recoveries were observed in ipsapirone- and DOI-induced corticosterone and DOI-induced oxytocin responses, whereas DOI-induced PRL responses remained suppressed. The present findings suggest that the PVN or neural pathways close to it mediate oxytocin, PRL, and corticosterone responses to the 5-HT2 receptor agonist DOI as well as corticosterone, but not PRL, responses to the 5-HT1A receptor agonist ipsapirone. The results after long term PVN lesioning show that the oxytocin and corticosterone responses may be partially restored with time after lesioning.

AB - A number of receptor subtypes mediate hormonal responses to serotonin (5-HT). To test the hypothesis that the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) mediates 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptor-mediated oxytocin, PRL, and corticosterone responses we studied the effects of the 5-HT1A agonist ipsapirone and the 5-HT2A/2C agonist 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)2-aminopropane (DOI) after surgical PVN lesions or sham operations. Chronically cannulated, conscious, freely moving, male Wistar rats were injected iv (1 mg/kg) shortly after (3-4 days) and 5 weeks after (35-37 days) the operations. In sham-operated rats, ipsapirone caused marked elevations in plasma PRL and corticosterone, but not oxytocin concentrations whereas DOI increased plasma concentrations of all three hormones. Short term PVN lesions prevented ipsapirone-induced corticosterone and DOI-induced oxytocin responses. DOI-induced PRL and corticosterone responses were also markedly inhibited 3-4 days after lesioning, although small rises over the baseline values were still observed. The ipsapirone-induced PRL response was unaffected by the lesioning. Five weeks after PVN lesioning partial recoveries were observed in ipsapirone- and DOI-induced corticosterone and DOI-induced oxytocin responses, whereas DOI-induced PRL responses remained suppressed. The present findings suggest that the PVN or neural pathways close to it mediate oxytocin, PRL, and corticosterone responses to the 5-HT2 receptor agonist DOI as well as corticosterone, but not PRL, responses to the 5-HT1A receptor agonist ipsapirone. The results after long term PVN lesioning show that the oxytocin and corticosterone responses may be partially restored with time after lesioning.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028295976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028295976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8119151

AN - SCOPUS:0028295976

VL - 134

SP - 1127

EP - 1131

JO - Endocrinology

JF - Endocrinology

SN - 0013-7227

IS - 3

ER -