Hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, but not vasopressin, participates in chronic hyperactivity of the HPA axis in diabetic rats

D. Zelena, Ludmila Filaretova, Z. Mergl, I. Barna, Z. Tóth, G. Makara

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM), as chronic stress activates the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. We examined whether arginine vasopressin (AVP) and the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) participate in DM-induced chronic stress symptoms. AVP-deficient Brattleboro or PVN-lesioned Wistar rats were used with heterozygous or sham-operated controls. The rats were studied 2 wk after a single injection of streptozotocin. The appearance of DM (enhanced water consumption and blood glucose elevation) and the chronic stress-like somatic changes (body weight decrease, thymus involution, adrenal gland hypertrophy) were not influenced by the lack of AVP. By contrast, PVN lesion significantly attenuated DM-induced thymus involution and adrenal gland hypertrophy as well as the increase in water consumption. The corticotropin-releasing hormone mRNA in PVN was diminished by DM and elevated by the lack of AVP without interaction. DM elevated the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in the anterior lobe of the pituitary. The lack of AVP had no effect, whereas lesioning the PVN significantly diminished the elevation. The elevated basal corticosterone plasma levels detectable in DM were influenced neither by the lack of AVP nor by lesioning the PVN. Thus the lack of AVP had no influence on DM-induced chronic stress symptoms, but lesioning the PVN attenuated part of them. However, the lack of elevation in POMC mRNA after PVN lesion, together with the maintained corticosterone elevation, suggests that direct adrenal gland activation occurs in untreated DM.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume290
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

Fingerprint

Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus
Medical problems
Vasopressins
Arginine Vasopressin
Rats
Diabetes Mellitus
Adrenal Glands
Thymus
Pro-Opiomelanocortin
Corticosterone
Messenger RNA
Thymus Gland
Hypertrophy
Drinking
Body Weight Changes
Anterior Pituitary Gland
Water
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
Streptozocin
Blood Glucose

Keywords

  • Brattleboro rats
  • Chronic stress
  • Corticosterone
  • Corticotropin-releasing hormone
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis
  • Proopiomelanocortin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, but not vasopressin, participates in chronic hyperactivity of the HPA axis in diabetic rats",
abstract = "Diabetes mellitus (DM), as chronic stress activates the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. We examined whether arginine vasopressin (AVP) and the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) participate in DM-induced chronic stress symptoms. AVP-deficient Brattleboro or PVN-lesioned Wistar rats were used with heterozygous or sham-operated controls. The rats were studied 2 wk after a single injection of streptozotocin. The appearance of DM (enhanced water consumption and blood glucose elevation) and the chronic stress-like somatic changes (body weight decrease, thymus involution, adrenal gland hypertrophy) were not influenced by the lack of AVP. By contrast, PVN lesion significantly attenuated DM-induced thymus involution and adrenal gland hypertrophy as well as the increase in water consumption. The corticotropin-releasing hormone mRNA in PVN was diminished by DM and elevated by the lack of AVP without interaction. DM elevated the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in the anterior lobe of the pituitary. The lack of AVP had no effect, whereas lesioning the PVN significantly diminished the elevation. The elevated basal corticosterone plasma levels detectable in DM were influenced neither by the lack of AVP nor by lesioning the PVN. Thus the lack of AVP had no influence on DM-induced chronic stress symptoms, but lesioning the PVN attenuated part of them. However, the lack of elevation in POMC mRNA after PVN lesion, together with the maintained corticosterone elevation, suggests that direct adrenal gland activation occurs in untreated DM.",
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T1 - Hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, but not vasopressin, participates in chronic hyperactivity of the HPA axis in diabetic rats

AU - Zelena, D.

AU - Filaretova, Ludmila

AU - Mergl, Z.

AU - Barna, I.

AU - Tóth, Z.

AU - Makara, G.

PY - 2006/2

Y1 - 2006/2

N2 - Diabetes mellitus (DM), as chronic stress activates the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. We examined whether arginine vasopressin (AVP) and the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) participate in DM-induced chronic stress symptoms. AVP-deficient Brattleboro or PVN-lesioned Wistar rats were used with heterozygous or sham-operated controls. The rats were studied 2 wk after a single injection of streptozotocin. The appearance of DM (enhanced water consumption and blood glucose elevation) and the chronic stress-like somatic changes (body weight decrease, thymus involution, adrenal gland hypertrophy) were not influenced by the lack of AVP. By contrast, PVN lesion significantly attenuated DM-induced thymus involution and adrenal gland hypertrophy as well as the increase in water consumption. The corticotropin-releasing hormone mRNA in PVN was diminished by DM and elevated by the lack of AVP without interaction. DM elevated the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in the anterior lobe of the pituitary. The lack of AVP had no effect, whereas lesioning the PVN significantly diminished the elevation. The elevated basal corticosterone plasma levels detectable in DM were influenced neither by the lack of AVP nor by lesioning the PVN. Thus the lack of AVP had no influence on DM-induced chronic stress symptoms, but lesioning the PVN attenuated part of them. However, the lack of elevation in POMC mRNA after PVN lesion, together with the maintained corticosterone elevation, suggests that direct adrenal gland activation occurs in untreated DM.

AB - Diabetes mellitus (DM), as chronic stress activates the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis. We examined whether arginine vasopressin (AVP) and the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) participate in DM-induced chronic stress symptoms. AVP-deficient Brattleboro or PVN-lesioned Wistar rats were used with heterozygous or sham-operated controls. The rats were studied 2 wk after a single injection of streptozotocin. The appearance of DM (enhanced water consumption and blood glucose elevation) and the chronic stress-like somatic changes (body weight decrease, thymus involution, adrenal gland hypertrophy) were not influenced by the lack of AVP. By contrast, PVN lesion significantly attenuated DM-induced thymus involution and adrenal gland hypertrophy as well as the increase in water consumption. The corticotropin-releasing hormone mRNA in PVN was diminished by DM and elevated by the lack of AVP without interaction. DM elevated the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in the anterior lobe of the pituitary. The lack of AVP had no effect, whereas lesioning the PVN significantly diminished the elevation. The elevated basal corticosterone plasma levels detectable in DM were influenced neither by the lack of AVP nor by lesioning the PVN. Thus the lack of AVP had no influence on DM-induced chronic stress symptoms, but lesioning the PVN attenuated part of them. However, the lack of elevation in POMC mRNA after PVN lesion, together with the maintained corticosterone elevation, suggests that direct adrenal gland activation occurs in untreated DM.

KW - Brattleboro rats

KW - Chronic stress

KW - Corticosterone

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KW - Proopiomelanocortin

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JO - American Journal of Physiology

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