Hypoglycemic effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 in experimental uremia: Can concomitant growth hormone administration prevent this effect?

Gabor T. Kovacs, S. Worgall, P. Schwalbach, T. Steichele, O. Mehls, L. Rosivall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The risk of hypoglycemia limits the clinical application of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Our studies aimed to evaluate the mode of occurrence as well as the prevention of this side effect. Acute administration (i.v. infusion) of IGF-1 in subtotal nephrectomized uremic (U), sham-operated ad libitum fed control (C) and sham-operated pair-fed control (P) rats led to hypoglycemia, though more expressed in P. Serum glucose levels decreased within 60 min after the IGF-1 administration by 40% in U, by 45% in C and by 52% in P (p <0.05, U vs. P). Chronic administration (7 days) of 1, 4 and 8 mg/kg/day IGF-1 in U rats led to hypoglycemia in an increasing manner as the dose of IGF-1 increased. On the first day, 2 h after injection, serum glucose levels were 116.5 ± 8.6, 110.4 ± 12.4, 60.3 ± 19.2 and 50.6 ± 18.3 mg/dl, respectively (p <0.01). One week later, IGF-1 therapy proved to be less hypoglycemic in all the groups. On day 7, 2 h after injection the serum glucose levels were 118.9 ± 23.8, 89.0 ± 23.9 and 66.0 ± 32.0, respectively (in comparison to day 1 for 4 and 8 mg/kg/day IGF-1 p <0.05). The combined effect of 4 mg/kg/day IGF-1 and 10 IU/kg/day growth hormone (GH) was also studied in U and P animals. Two hours after the first injections of IGF-1 serum glucose levels decreased in U from 120.0 ± 11.3 to 49.2 ± 21.6 mg/dl, while IGF-1 plus GH decreased the glucose level from 122.0 ± 15.5 to 81.3 ± 24.7 mg/dl (p <0.05 IGF-1 vs. IGF-1 + GH). The hypoglycemic effect of IGF-1 was less expressed by long-term treatment and simultanous administration of GH overcame the glucose-lowering effect of IGF-1 (serum glucose levels on day 11 one hour after the injections: 73.7 ± 15.3 mg/dl with IGF-1, and 111.0 ± 7.8 mg/dl with IGF-1 + GH). Methylprednisolone (MP) did not significantly alter the former effects of IGF-1 and GH. In summary, IGF-1 leads to hypoglycemia in control and uremic rats in a dose-dependent manner. This effect becomes less expressed after prolonged administration. GH attenuates the hypoglycemic effect of IGF-1. This suggests that the combined GH and IGF-1 treatment is more effective and less dangerous in correcting uremic growth failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-200
Number of pages8
JournalHormone Research
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Uremia
Somatomedins
Hypoglycemic Agents
Growth Hormone
Glucose
Hypoglycemia
Serum
Injections

Keywords

  • Glucose metabolism
  • Growth hormone
  • Insulin-like growth factor-1
  • Uremia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Hypoglycemic effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 in experimental uremia : Can concomitant growth hormone administration prevent this effect? / Kovacs, Gabor T.; Worgall, S.; Schwalbach, P.; Steichele, T.; Mehls, O.; Rosivall, L.

In: Hormone Research, Vol. 51, No. 4, 1999, p. 193-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kovacs, Gabor T. ; Worgall, S. ; Schwalbach, P. ; Steichele, T. ; Mehls, O. ; Rosivall, L. / Hypoglycemic effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 in experimental uremia : Can concomitant growth hormone administration prevent this effect?. In: Hormone Research. 1999 ; Vol. 51, No. 4. pp. 193-200.
@article{c357d3e0c7d842c3b5058ce287557297,
title = "Hypoglycemic effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 in experimental uremia: Can concomitant growth hormone administration prevent this effect?",
abstract = "The risk of hypoglycemia limits the clinical application of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Our studies aimed to evaluate the mode of occurrence as well as the prevention of this side effect. Acute administration (i.v. infusion) of IGF-1 in subtotal nephrectomized uremic (U), sham-operated ad libitum fed control (C) and sham-operated pair-fed control (P) rats led to hypoglycemia, though more expressed in P. Serum glucose levels decreased within 60 min after the IGF-1 administration by 40{\%} in U, by 45{\%} in C and by 52{\%} in P (p <0.05, U vs. P). Chronic administration (7 days) of 1, 4 and 8 mg/kg/day IGF-1 in U rats led to hypoglycemia in an increasing manner as the dose of IGF-1 increased. On the first day, 2 h after injection, serum glucose levels were 116.5 ± 8.6, 110.4 ± 12.4, 60.3 ± 19.2 and 50.6 ± 18.3 mg/dl, respectively (p <0.01). One week later, IGF-1 therapy proved to be less hypoglycemic in all the groups. On day 7, 2 h after injection the serum glucose levels were 118.9 ± 23.8, 89.0 ± 23.9 and 66.0 ± 32.0, respectively (in comparison to day 1 for 4 and 8 mg/kg/day IGF-1 p <0.05). The combined effect of 4 mg/kg/day IGF-1 and 10 IU/kg/day growth hormone (GH) was also studied in U and P animals. Two hours after the first injections of IGF-1 serum glucose levels decreased in U from 120.0 ± 11.3 to 49.2 ± 21.6 mg/dl, while IGF-1 plus GH decreased the glucose level from 122.0 ± 15.5 to 81.3 ± 24.7 mg/dl (p <0.05 IGF-1 vs. IGF-1 + GH). The hypoglycemic effect of IGF-1 was less expressed by long-term treatment and simultanous administration of GH overcame the glucose-lowering effect of IGF-1 (serum glucose levels on day 11 one hour after the injections: 73.7 ± 15.3 mg/dl with IGF-1, and 111.0 ± 7.8 mg/dl with IGF-1 + GH). Methylprednisolone (MP) did not significantly alter the former effects of IGF-1 and GH. In summary, IGF-1 leads to hypoglycemia in control and uremic rats in a dose-dependent manner. This effect becomes less expressed after prolonged administration. GH attenuates the hypoglycemic effect of IGF-1. This suggests that the combined GH and IGF-1 treatment is more effective and less dangerous in correcting uremic growth failure.",
keywords = "Glucose metabolism, Growth hormone, Insulin-like growth factor-1, Uremia",
author = "Kovacs, {Gabor T.} and S. Worgall and P. Schwalbach and T. Steichele and O. Mehls and L. Rosivall",
year = "1999",
doi = "10.1159/000023357",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "193--200",
journal = "Hormone Research in Paediatrics",
issn = "1663-2818",
publisher = "S. Karger AG",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hypoglycemic effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 in experimental uremia

T2 - Can concomitant growth hormone administration prevent this effect?

AU - Kovacs, Gabor T.

AU - Worgall, S.

AU - Schwalbach, P.

AU - Steichele, T.

AU - Mehls, O.

AU - Rosivall, L.

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - The risk of hypoglycemia limits the clinical application of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Our studies aimed to evaluate the mode of occurrence as well as the prevention of this side effect. Acute administration (i.v. infusion) of IGF-1 in subtotal nephrectomized uremic (U), sham-operated ad libitum fed control (C) and sham-operated pair-fed control (P) rats led to hypoglycemia, though more expressed in P. Serum glucose levels decreased within 60 min after the IGF-1 administration by 40% in U, by 45% in C and by 52% in P (p <0.05, U vs. P). Chronic administration (7 days) of 1, 4 and 8 mg/kg/day IGF-1 in U rats led to hypoglycemia in an increasing manner as the dose of IGF-1 increased. On the first day, 2 h after injection, serum glucose levels were 116.5 ± 8.6, 110.4 ± 12.4, 60.3 ± 19.2 and 50.6 ± 18.3 mg/dl, respectively (p <0.01). One week later, IGF-1 therapy proved to be less hypoglycemic in all the groups. On day 7, 2 h after injection the serum glucose levels were 118.9 ± 23.8, 89.0 ± 23.9 and 66.0 ± 32.0, respectively (in comparison to day 1 for 4 and 8 mg/kg/day IGF-1 p <0.05). The combined effect of 4 mg/kg/day IGF-1 and 10 IU/kg/day growth hormone (GH) was also studied in U and P animals. Two hours after the first injections of IGF-1 serum glucose levels decreased in U from 120.0 ± 11.3 to 49.2 ± 21.6 mg/dl, while IGF-1 plus GH decreased the glucose level from 122.0 ± 15.5 to 81.3 ± 24.7 mg/dl (p <0.05 IGF-1 vs. IGF-1 + GH). The hypoglycemic effect of IGF-1 was less expressed by long-term treatment and simultanous administration of GH overcame the glucose-lowering effect of IGF-1 (serum glucose levels on day 11 one hour after the injections: 73.7 ± 15.3 mg/dl with IGF-1, and 111.0 ± 7.8 mg/dl with IGF-1 + GH). Methylprednisolone (MP) did not significantly alter the former effects of IGF-1 and GH. In summary, IGF-1 leads to hypoglycemia in control and uremic rats in a dose-dependent manner. This effect becomes less expressed after prolonged administration. GH attenuates the hypoglycemic effect of IGF-1. This suggests that the combined GH and IGF-1 treatment is more effective and less dangerous in correcting uremic growth failure.

AB - The risk of hypoglycemia limits the clinical application of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). Our studies aimed to evaluate the mode of occurrence as well as the prevention of this side effect. Acute administration (i.v. infusion) of IGF-1 in subtotal nephrectomized uremic (U), sham-operated ad libitum fed control (C) and sham-operated pair-fed control (P) rats led to hypoglycemia, though more expressed in P. Serum glucose levels decreased within 60 min after the IGF-1 administration by 40% in U, by 45% in C and by 52% in P (p <0.05, U vs. P). Chronic administration (7 days) of 1, 4 and 8 mg/kg/day IGF-1 in U rats led to hypoglycemia in an increasing manner as the dose of IGF-1 increased. On the first day, 2 h after injection, serum glucose levels were 116.5 ± 8.6, 110.4 ± 12.4, 60.3 ± 19.2 and 50.6 ± 18.3 mg/dl, respectively (p <0.01). One week later, IGF-1 therapy proved to be less hypoglycemic in all the groups. On day 7, 2 h after injection the serum glucose levels were 118.9 ± 23.8, 89.0 ± 23.9 and 66.0 ± 32.0, respectively (in comparison to day 1 for 4 and 8 mg/kg/day IGF-1 p <0.05). The combined effect of 4 mg/kg/day IGF-1 and 10 IU/kg/day growth hormone (GH) was also studied in U and P animals. Two hours after the first injections of IGF-1 serum glucose levels decreased in U from 120.0 ± 11.3 to 49.2 ± 21.6 mg/dl, while IGF-1 plus GH decreased the glucose level from 122.0 ± 15.5 to 81.3 ± 24.7 mg/dl (p <0.05 IGF-1 vs. IGF-1 + GH). The hypoglycemic effect of IGF-1 was less expressed by long-term treatment and simultanous administration of GH overcame the glucose-lowering effect of IGF-1 (serum glucose levels on day 11 one hour after the injections: 73.7 ± 15.3 mg/dl with IGF-1, and 111.0 ± 7.8 mg/dl with IGF-1 + GH). Methylprednisolone (MP) did not significantly alter the former effects of IGF-1 and GH. In summary, IGF-1 leads to hypoglycemia in control and uremic rats in a dose-dependent manner. This effect becomes less expressed after prolonged administration. GH attenuates the hypoglycemic effect of IGF-1. This suggests that the combined GH and IGF-1 treatment is more effective and less dangerous in correcting uremic growth failure.

KW - Glucose metabolism

KW - Growth hormone

KW - Insulin-like growth factor-1

KW - Uremia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032839283&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032839283&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1159/000023357

DO - 10.1159/000023357

M3 - Article

C2 - 10474022

AN - SCOPUS:0032839283

VL - 51

SP - 193

EP - 200

JO - Hormone Research in Paediatrics

JF - Hormone Research in Paediatrics

SN - 1663-2818

IS - 4

ER -