Hygrothermal aging and fracture behavior of styrene-acrylonitrile/acrylate based core-shell rubber toughened poly(butylene terephthalate)

Z. A. Mohd Ishak, U. S. Ishiaku, J. Karger-Kocsis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A study of hygrothermal aging in terms of the kinetics of moisture absorption by poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) and styrene-acrylonitrile/acrylate based core-shell rubber (CSR) toughened PBT (PBT-CSR) was undertaken. The diffusion of water into the PBT compounds with various CSR contents was investigated by immersion of specimens in water at temperatures between 30 and 90 °C. It was observed that the equilibrium moisture content and the diffusion coefficient of the PBT both increased with increasing CSR content. The fracture behaviors of the PBT and PBT-CSR were investigated. The focus of investigation was on the effect of an internal parameter (rubber content) and external parameters (testing temperature, deformation rates, and hygrothermal aging) on the fracture behavior of these materials. The fracture response of the various materials was evaluated by the fracture toughness and energy measured on static-loaded compact tension specimens. The tensile and fracture behavior of PBT and PBT-CSR was affected by both the internal and external parameters. On its own the CSR impact modifier failed to improve the toughness of PBT at either high testing speed or subambient temperature (-40 °C). Based on the dynamic mechanical analysis study, the CSR is believed to behave as a rigid particulate filler in the PBT that consequently reduces the ductility of the PBT. All the materials tested showed poor retention of the tensile and fracture properties upon exposure to hygrothermal aging at 90 °C, and these properties could not be restored by subsequent drying. This was attributed to severe hydrolytic degradation of the PBT that caused permanent damage to the materials. The failure modes of PBT and PBT-CSR were assessed by fractographic studies in a scanning electron microscope.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2470-2481
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume74
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Acrylonitrile
Styrene
Rubber
Aging of materials
Moisture
terephthalic acid
acrylic acid
butylene
Fracture energy
Water
Testing
Dynamic mechanical analysis
Temperature
Failure modes
Toughness
Ductility
Fillers
Fracture toughness
Drying
Electron microscopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Hygrothermal aging and fracture behavior of styrene-acrylonitrile/acrylate based core-shell rubber toughened poly(butylene terephthalate). / Mohd Ishak, Z. A.; Ishiaku, U. S.; Karger-Kocsis, J.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 74, No. 10, 1999, p. 2470-2481.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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