Hydrogenation of carbon dioxide on Rh, Au and Au-Rh bimetallic clusters supported on titanate nanotubes, nanowires and TiO 2

M. Tóth, J. Kiss, A. Oszkó, G. Pótári, L. Bugyi, A. Erdóhelyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Supported gold, rhodium and bimetallic rhodium- core-gold-shell catalysts were prepared. The supports were TiO 2 as well as titanate nanotube and nanowire formed in the hydrothermal conversion of titania. The catalytic properties were tested in the CO 2 hydrogenation at 493 K. The amount and the reactivity of the surface carbonaceous deposit were determined by temperatureprogrammed reduction. The surfaces of the materials were characterized by X-ray photoelectron and low-energy ion scattering spectroscopy (LEIS). The surface forms during the catalytic reaction were identified by DRIFT spectroscopy. On the XP spectra of bimetallic catalysts the existence of highly dispersed gold particles could be observed besides the metallic form on all supports. Small Rh particles could also be identified on the titanate supports. LEIS spectra demonstrated that Rh-core-Au-shell particles formed, since no scattering from Rh was detected. The main product of CO2 hydrogenation was CH 4 on all catalysts. IR spectra revealed the existence of CO and formate species on the surface. In addition, a new band was observed around 1,770 cm -1 which was assigned as tilted CO. It is bonded to Rh and interacts with a nearby the oxygen vacancy of the support. Agglomeration of highly dispersed Rh was observed on bimetallic samples induced by reaction or reactant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-756
Number of pages10
JournalTopics in Catalysis
Volume55
Issue number11-13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Fingerprint

Carbon Dioxide
Nanotubes
Hydrogenation
Nanowires
Carbon dioxide
Carbon Monoxide
Gold
Rhodium
formic acid
Spectroscopy
Scattering
Catalysts
Ions
Oxygen vacancies
Photoelectrons
Catalyst supports
Deposits
Agglomeration
Titanium
X rays

Keywords

  • CO hydrogenation
  • Core-shell structure
  • Gold
  • Rhodium
  • Titania nanotube
  • Titania nanowire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Hydrogenation of carbon dioxide on Rh, Au and Au-Rh bimetallic clusters supported on titanate nanotubes, nanowires and TiO 2",
abstract = "Supported gold, rhodium and bimetallic rhodium- core-gold-shell catalysts were prepared. The supports were TiO 2 as well as titanate nanotube and nanowire formed in the hydrothermal conversion of titania. The catalytic properties were tested in the CO 2 hydrogenation at 493 K. The amount and the reactivity of the surface carbonaceous deposit were determined by temperatureprogrammed reduction. The surfaces of the materials were characterized by X-ray photoelectron and low-energy ion scattering spectroscopy (LEIS). The surface forms during the catalytic reaction were identified by DRIFT spectroscopy. On the XP spectra of bimetallic catalysts the existence of highly dispersed gold particles could be observed besides the metallic form on all supports. Small Rh particles could also be identified on the titanate supports. LEIS spectra demonstrated that Rh-core-Au-shell particles formed, since no scattering from Rh was detected. The main product of CO2 hydrogenation was CH 4 on all catalysts. IR spectra revealed the existence of CO and formate species on the surface. In addition, a new band was observed around 1,770 cm -1 which was assigned as tilted CO. It is bonded to Rh and interacts with a nearby the oxygen vacancy of the support. Agglomeration of highly dispersed Rh was observed on bimetallic samples induced by reaction or reactant.",
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T1 - Hydrogenation of carbon dioxide on Rh, Au and Au-Rh bimetallic clusters supported on titanate nanotubes, nanowires and TiO 2

AU - Tóth, M.

AU - Kiss, J.

AU - Oszkó, A.

AU - Pótári, G.

AU - Bugyi, L.

AU - Erdóhelyi, A.

PY - 2012/8

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N2 - Supported gold, rhodium and bimetallic rhodium- core-gold-shell catalysts were prepared. The supports were TiO 2 as well as titanate nanotube and nanowire formed in the hydrothermal conversion of titania. The catalytic properties were tested in the CO 2 hydrogenation at 493 K. The amount and the reactivity of the surface carbonaceous deposit were determined by temperatureprogrammed reduction. The surfaces of the materials were characterized by X-ray photoelectron and low-energy ion scattering spectroscopy (LEIS). The surface forms during the catalytic reaction were identified by DRIFT spectroscopy. On the XP spectra of bimetallic catalysts the existence of highly dispersed gold particles could be observed besides the metallic form on all supports. Small Rh particles could also be identified on the titanate supports. LEIS spectra demonstrated that Rh-core-Au-shell particles formed, since no scattering from Rh was detected. The main product of CO2 hydrogenation was CH 4 on all catalysts. IR spectra revealed the existence of CO and formate species on the surface. In addition, a new band was observed around 1,770 cm -1 which was assigned as tilted CO. It is bonded to Rh and interacts with a nearby the oxygen vacancy of the support. Agglomeration of highly dispersed Rh was observed on bimetallic samples induced by reaction or reactant.

AB - Supported gold, rhodium and bimetallic rhodium- core-gold-shell catalysts were prepared. The supports were TiO 2 as well as titanate nanotube and nanowire formed in the hydrothermal conversion of titania. The catalytic properties were tested in the CO 2 hydrogenation at 493 K. The amount and the reactivity of the surface carbonaceous deposit were determined by temperatureprogrammed reduction. The surfaces of the materials were characterized by X-ray photoelectron and low-energy ion scattering spectroscopy (LEIS). The surface forms during the catalytic reaction were identified by DRIFT spectroscopy. On the XP spectra of bimetallic catalysts the existence of highly dispersed gold particles could be observed besides the metallic form on all supports. Small Rh particles could also be identified on the titanate supports. LEIS spectra demonstrated that Rh-core-Au-shell particles formed, since no scattering from Rh was detected. The main product of CO2 hydrogenation was CH 4 on all catalysts. IR spectra revealed the existence of CO and formate species on the surface. In addition, a new band was observed around 1,770 cm -1 which was assigned as tilted CO. It is bonded to Rh and interacts with a nearby the oxygen vacancy of the support. Agglomeration of highly dispersed Rh was observed on bimetallic samples induced by reaction or reactant.

KW - CO hydrogenation

KW - Core-shell structure

KW - Gold

KW - Rhodium

KW - Titania nanotube

KW - Titania nanowire

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