Hydrogen production from paper sludge hydrolysate

Zsófia Kádár, Truus De Vrije, Miriam A.W. Budde, Zsolt Szengyel, Kati Réczey, Pieternel A.M. Claassen

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to develop a system for the production of "renewable" hydrogen. Paper sludge is a solid industrial waste yielding mainly cellulose, which can be used, after hydrolysis, as a feedstock in anaerobic fermentation by (hyper)thermophilic organisms, such as Thermotoga elfii and Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus. Tests on different medium compositions showed that both bacteria were able to produce hydrogen from paper sludge hydrolysate, but the amount of produced hydrogen and the requirement for other components differed. Hydrogen production by T. elfii strongly depended on the presence of yeast extract and salts. By contrast, C. saccharolyticus was less dependent on medium components but seemed to be inhibited by a component present in the sludge hydrolysate. Utilization of xylose was preferred over glucose by C. saccharolyticus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-566
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Part A Enzyme Engineering and Biotechnology
Volume107
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2003

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Keywords

  • Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus
  • Hydrogen production
  • Paper sludge
  • Thermotoga elfii

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology

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