Hydrogen Formation in the Reactions of Methanol on Supported Au Catalysts

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Abstract

The adsorption and reactions of methanol have been investigated on Au metal supported by various oxides and carbon Norit of high surface area. Infrared spectroscopic studies revealed the dissociation of methanol at 300 K, which mainly occurs on the oxide-supports yielding methoxy species. The presence of Au already appeared in the increased amounts of desorbed products in the TPD spectra. The reaction pathway of the decomposition and the activity of the catalyst sensitively depend on the nature of the support. As regards the production of hydrogen the most effective catalyst is Au/CeO2 followed by Au/MgO, Au/TiO2 and Au/Norit. In contrast, on Au/Al 2O3 the main process is the dehydration reaction yielding dimethyl ether. On Au/CeO2 the decomposition of methanol starts above ∼500 K and approaches total conversion at 723-773 K. The products are H2 (∼68%) and CO (∼27%) with very small amounts of methane and CO2. The decomposition of methanol follows the first order kinetics. The activation energy of this process is 87.0 kJ/mol. The selectivity of H2 formation at 573-773 K was ∼90%, this value increased to 97% using CH3OH:H2O (1:1) reacting mixture indicating the involvement of water in the reaction. No deactivation of Au catalysts was experienced at 773 K in ∼ 10 h. It is assumed that the interface between Au and partially reduced ceria is responsible for the high activity of Au/CeO 2 catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-41
Number of pages9
JournalCatalysis Letters
Volume131
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Fingerprint

Catalyst supports
Methanol
Hydrogen
Catalysts
Charcoal
Decomposition
Oxides
Cerium compounds
Methane
Carbon Monoxide
Temperature programmed desorption
Dehydration
Ethers
Carbon
Activation energy
Metals
Infrared radiation
Adsorption
Kinetics
Water

Keywords

  • Au catalyst
  • CeO support
  • Formation of methoxy
  • FTIR spectroscopy
  • Hydrogen production
  • Reaction of methanol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Hydrogen Formation in the Reactions of Methanol on Supported Au Catalysts. / Gazsi, A.; Bánsági, T.; Solymosi, F.

In: Catalysis Letters, Vol. 131, No. 1-2, 08.2009, p. 33-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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