Hydrogen bonding interactions in poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol)/lignin blends

Balázs Podolyák, Dávid Kun, Károly Renner, B. Pukánszky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Blends were prepared from lignin and ethylene-vinyl alcohol (EVOH) copolymers to study the effect of hydrogen bonding interactions on compatibility and structure. The vinyl alcohol (VOH) content of the copolymers changed between 52 and 76 mol%, while the lignin content of the blends varied between 0 and 60 vol%. Low density polyethylene with 0 mol% VOH content was used as reference. The components were homogenized in an internal mixer and they were characterized by various methods including Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), dynamic mechanical analysis, differential scanning calorimetry and scanning electron microscopy. The results of the experiments proved that strong hydrogen bonds form between the two components shown by FTIR spectroscopy, a shift in the relaxation temperatures of the matrix polymer and by the decrease of crystallite size and crystallinity with increasing lignin content. In spite of the strong interactions, heterogeneous structure forms in the studied blends since self-interactions within the neat components are also very strong. The size of dispersed lignin particles is determined by competitive interactions in the blends; stronger EVOH/lignin interactions result in smaller particle size. Although hydrogen bonds are strong, miscible polymer/lignin blends can be prepared only by applying other approaches like plasticization or chemical modification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1203-1211
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume107
Issue numberPartA
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2018

Fingerprint

Lignin
Hydrogen Bonding
Hydrogen bonds
Alcohols
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Hydrogen
Polymers
Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Chemical modification
Polyethylene
Dynamic mechanical analysis
Crystallite size
Polymer matrix
Particle Size
Electron Scanning Microscopy
ethylene
ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer
Differential scanning calorimetry
Spectrum Analysis
Copolymers

Keywords

  • Flory-Huggins interaction parameter
  • Lignin blends
  • Quantitative analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Hydrogen bonding interactions in poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol)/lignin blends. / Podolyák, Balázs; Kun, Dávid; Renner, Károly; Pukánszky, B.

In: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, Vol. 107, No. PartA, 01.02.2018, p. 1203-1211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Podolyák, Balázs ; Kun, Dávid ; Renner, Károly ; Pukánszky, B. / Hydrogen bonding interactions in poly(ethylene-co-vinyl alcohol)/lignin blends. In: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. 2018 ; Vol. 107, No. PartA. pp. 1203-1211.
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