Structures resembling semiclathrates probably arise in liquid aqueous solutions of piperidine at the amine mole fraction below 0.03. With the increasing concentration, the structures gradually decay, but the 1:1 complexes of piperidine with water remain linked one to another through the OH⋯O bonds between the hydration water molecules. A periodic order of the bicontinuous microemulsion type occurs in the range of the mole fractions from 0.08 to 0.5. In the piperidine-rich mixtures, the 1:1 complexes are dispersed uniformly in the amine. Relatively low stabilization energy of these complexes probably causes that piperidine is totally miscible with water.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry