Hydrocarbons obtained by pyrolysis of waste materials

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper deals with the pyrolysis of waste polymers producing valuable hydrocarbons. Municipal solid waste (MSW), municipal plastic waste (MPW), contaminated municipal plastic waste (CMPW) and automotive and electronic plastic waste (AEPW) were pyrolysed in a gas-heated reactor at 550°C at a feed rate of 10 kg/h. Pyrolysis products were separated into hydrocarbon gases, water, pyrolysis oil, heavy oil and char in a separation column. The yields of gases and pyrolysis oil were 15·8-24·2% and 35·5- 55·2% respectively. Pyrolysis oil had C5-C32 hydrocarbons in the form of olefins, paraffins, aromatics, with amounts significantly affected by the raw materials. Beside hydrocarbons, water was formed from MSW raw material. The products obtained from MPW pyrolysis had the best properties for further utilisation: advanced hydrocarbon composition and low contaminant level. The highest amounts of contaminants (nitrogen, sulfur, chlorine, zinc, calcium, potassium, phosphorous, iron, chromium, etc.) were measured in the products of CMPW and MSW pyrolysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-14
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers: Waste and Resource Management
Volume167
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2014

Fingerprint

pyrolysis
plastic waste
Pyrolysis
Hydrocarbons
hydrocarbon
Plastics
Municipal solid waste
municipal solid waste
oil
Raw materials
Gases
gas
Impurities
pollutant
heavy oil
material
Paraffins
Chlorine
Olefins
Potassium

Keywords

  • Pollution
  • Recycling and reuse of materials
  • Waste management and disposal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Hydrocarbons obtained by pyrolysis of waste materials. / Miskolczi, N.

In: Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers: Waste and Resource Management, Vol. 167, No. 1, 01.02.2014, p. 6-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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