Background: Until now research on drinking motives has received only moderate attention in Hungary. Aim of this study is to present the Hungarian experiences with the long and short versions of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ-R-HU and DMQ-R-SF-HU). Methods and Sample: Complemented with other questions on alcohol consumption DMQ-R-HU questionnaire was applied on a high school (N=922, mean age=16.6, Sd=1.44) and a university sample (N=346, mean age=21.6, Sd=2.61). For the reason that results of the confirmatory factor analysis were not satisfactory fit of the DMQ-R-SF-HU was also analysed. Consecutively, applicability of the DMQ-R-SF-HU was tested on a third, special population young adult sample (N=390, mean age=23.6, Sd=4.4) as well. Further aim of the present study, unlike former international studies, was to test the applicability of the questionnaire on an older, recreational sample. During the analyses relationship between motives and alcohol consumption indicators was examined by means of structural equation models with multiple indicators. Results: Ranks of the mean values of drinking motives form the same sequence in case of all three samples (social > enhancement > coping > conformity). Analysing the relationships between motives and alcohol consumption indicators we can see that in case of university students enhancement motives predict the frequency of alcohol consumption and getting drunk, while in case of high school students social and conformity motives predict frequency of drinking and frequency of getting drunk is predicted by conformity and enhancement motives. In the young adult recreational population frequency of alcohol consumption was predicted by social motives while frequency of getting drunk was reliably predicted by all four motives. Coping motives were significantly associated with all alcohol related problems among young adults. Besides these, social motives predicted school/work problems and bullying/aggression was predicted by conformity motives. Conclusions: For its outstanding psychometrical features and fit indices DMQ-R-SF-HU is a questionnaire widely and well applicable on samples with different characteristics. Drinking motives are important predictors of different alcohol consumption indicators. Also, in specific age groups specific motives play the most important roles. Consideration of these facts can have a decisive significance on prevention efforts.
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