In 1996 a novel oxidative stress biomarker, referred to as advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) was detected in the plasma of chronic uremic patients. The aim of the present studies was to find out that which plasma fraction(s) is responsible for AOPP reactivity. Thermal treatment of pooled samples of human citrate-plasma or EDTA-plasma at 50°C resulted in a rapid and parallel loss of fibrinogen concentration and AOPP reactivity. On the basis of time course and t1/2 values following thermal treatment, AOPP was indistinguishable from fibrinogen. There was a statistically significant (p < 0.0001) correlation between levels of blood plasma fibrinogen and AOPP in patients (n= 61) with various peripheral vascular or cardiovascular diseases. There was also a significant (p < 0.0001) relationship between plasma levels of fibrinogen and molar AOPP/ fibrinogen ratio indicating that higher fibrinogen concentrations were associated with more oxidatively transformed groups on the molecule. Results of the present studies suggest that post-translationally modified fibrinogen is a key molecule responsible for human plasma AOPP reactivity. It remains to be elucidated what is the pathophysiological significance of the post-translationally modified fibrinogen in the inflammation-associated events of atherosclerosis, in platelet aggregation, and as a cardiovascular risk biomarker.
- Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP)
- Cardiovascular risk
- Oxidant stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas