H2S and COS Gas Exchange of Transgenic Potato Lines with Modified Expression Levels of Enzymes Involved in Sulphur Metabolism

E. Bloem, K. Rubekin, S. Haneklaus, Z. Banfalvi, H. Hesse, E. Schnug

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Different transgenic potato lines were generated for improving the nutritional value of tubers by an advanced perception of their sulphur metabolism. So far no data exist about possible implications for plant health and stress resistance. Metabolite analysis revealed that modifications of enzymes involved in sulphur metabolism were necessarily not reflected in distinctly altered thiol contents. The release of H2S by plants is putatively involved in pathogen resistance, because of its fungi-toxic mode of action. The emission of H2S was determined in 16 potato lines with modified expression level in ATP sulphurylase (ATPS), serine acetyltransferase (SAT), O-acetylserine(thiol)lyase (OASTL), homoserine kinase (HSK) and threonine synthase activities. The emission significantly increased by factor 7 in one of the ATPS antisense lines and by factor 8 in one of the OASTL antisense lines. A strong increase in H2S emissions was observed in transgenic plants based on the potato cultivar White Lady, which expressed the Escherichia coli SAT. In addition, the exchange of COS was determined in relation to genetic modifications. Generally, plants act as a sink for COS, but all transgenic lines expressing the E. coli HSK and one of the ATPS antisense lines emitted COS indicating to strong changes in the metabolism of these plants. Such alterations in the gas exchange of transgenic potato plants will most likely also affect their resistance against biotic and abiotic stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-321
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Agronomy and Crop Science
Volume197
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Biotic stress
  • COS
  • Cysteine biosynthesis
  • HS
  • Sulphur-induced resistance
  • Transgenic potato lines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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