HPLC quantification of 4-nitrophenol and its conjugated metabolites from bile

Attila Almási, Emil Fischer, Pál Perjési

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12 Citations (Scopus)


An isocratic ion pair RP-HPLC method with UV-Vis detection has been developed and validated for simultaneous analysis of 4-nitrophenol (PNP), 4-nitrophenyl β-glucuronide (PNP-G), and 4-nitrophenyl sulfate (PNP-S) in rat bile samples using 4-ethylphenol (ETP) as internal standard. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a C18 column by isocratic elution with a mobile phase consisted of methanol-0.01 M citrate buffer pH 6.2 (47:53 v/v) containing 0.03 M TBAB. The flow rate was 1.0 ml min-1, the detection was affected at 290 nm. Calibration plots were generated over the concentration range 1-100 μM PNP, PNP-G, PNP-S with a common lower limit of quantification of 2.5 μM. Intra- and inter-day precision and repeatability were determined at six different concentrations. Results obtained by application of the method for determination of PNP, PNP-G and PNP-S in bile fractions collected during intestinal perfusion of PNP in hyperglycemic rats are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-847
Number of pages11
JournalScientia Pharmaceutica
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 29 2011



  • 4-Nitrophenol
  • Glucuronic acid conjugate
  • Intestinal metabolism
  • Sulfate conjugate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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