How nutrient deficiency influences the shoot and root development of rye (Secale cereale L.) genotypes

Borbála Hoffmann, G. Galiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Seedlings of 15 rye (Secale cereale L.) cultivars and lines were evaluated regarding the dry matter accumulation and the content of essential nutrient elements, grown in modified Hoagland nutrient solution in the phytotron of the Agricultural Research Institute in Martonvasar. Osmotic or/and nutrient stresses were imposed by applying PEG or/and 8-1 strength nutrient solution. This paper only discusses the effect of nutrient deficiency. The dry matter accumulation of cultivars can be evaluated according to absolute and relative quantities: the most dry matter was accumulated by the variety Lovaszpatonai, but it was reduced by 47% compared to its control. On the other hand S838587 accumulated the same quantity of shoot dry matter in nutrient solution of low and normal mineral content. Decrease in the concentration of the essential nutrient elements was found in the seedlings because of the nutrient deficiency in solution. In the mean of the genotypes the greatest decrease was measured in the K2O content, that reached only the 31% of the control, while the N- and P2O5 content of the stressed plants were measured 43% and 53% respectively. The N content of roots of plants grown in nutrient solution of low mineral content in all cases exceeded the N content of shoots. In opposition, the P2O5 content of the shoots was always higher than that of the roots. There was no clear tendency in the change of K2O content of stressed plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-425
Number of pages7
JournalCereal Research Communications
Volume26
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Secale cereale
nutrient deficiencies
phosphorus pentoxide
rye
nutrient solutions
Genotype
Food
shoots
genotype
dry matter accumulation
mineral content
nutrients
Seedlings
Minerals
seedlings
cultivars
agricultural research
Plant Roots
Secale

Keywords

  • Dry matter accumulation
  • Essential nutrient elements
  • Genotype
  • Nutrient deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

How nutrient deficiency influences the shoot and root development of rye (Secale cereale L.) genotypes. / Hoffmann, Borbála; Galiba, G.

In: Cereal Research Communications, Vol. 26, No. 4, 1998, p. 419-425.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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