Hopelessness, temperament, and health perception in heroin addicts

Paolo Iliceto, Maurizio Pompili, Paolo Girardi, David Lester, Caterina Vincenti, Zoltan Rihmer, Roberto Tatarelli, Hagop S. Akiskal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate temperament, hopelessness (a measure of suicide risk), and health perception in heroin addicts. The study involved the administration of the TEMPS-A Rome, the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), the MINI Neuropsychiatric Interview, and the Multidimensional Health Questionnaire. Participants were 100 heroin addicts who were matched by age and sex with 100 randomly selected non-users. Heroin addicts obtained higher scores on TEMPS-A Dys/Cyc/Anx temperament and on the irritable temperament. In the heroin addicts, anxiety, depression, preoccupation with health, health illness self-blame, health monitoring, and negative thinking about health were positively associated with hopelessness, dysthymic/anxious/cyclothymic temperament, and irritable temperament. Motivation to avoid unhealthiness, health assertiveness, health expectation optimism, and health satisfaction were negatively associated with hopelessness, dysthymic/anxious/cyclothymic temperament, and irritable temperament. More knowledge on health attitudes in heroin addicts may help in delivering a treatment plan for this selective population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-358
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Temperament
  • heroin addiction
  • hopelessness
  • suicide risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Iliceto, P., Pompili, M., Girardi, P., Lester, D., Vincenti, C., Rihmer, Z., Tatarelli, R., & Akiskal, H. S. (2010). Hopelessness, temperament, and health perception in heroin addicts. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 29(3), 352-358. https://doi.org/10.1080/10550887.2010.489448