Homogeneous films by inverse pulsed laser deposition

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, we proposed an alternative arrangement to traditional on- or off-axis PLD geometries, termed inverse PLD (IPLD) that is capable of producing films of improved surface morphology. Two configurations of this new target-substrate arrangement were developed, namely static and co-rotating IPLD. In the static IPLD configuration, the substrate is stationary with respect to the ablated spot; while in the co-rotating IPLD configuration the substrate is fixed to the target surface and rotates simultaneously with the target, hence offering an appealingly simple approach to homogenize film properties. Here we report the growth of CN x and Ti films, simultaneously deposited in the co-rotating and static IPLD arrangements. The homogeneity of the co-rotating films is described by a thickness inhomogeneity index, which allows for the comparison of films of different lateral dimension. A semi-analytical, semi-numerical model is proposed to derive the radial variation of the growth rate of co-rotating IPLD films from the lateral growth rate distributions measured along the symmetry axes of static IPLD films. The laterally averaged growth rate, LAGR is used to describe how the ambient pressure affects growth in the 0.5-50 Pa domain. As an example, the absolute error between the measured and calculated radial growth rate variation, obtained at 5 Pa, was less than 3%, while the LAGR of CN x layers grown by co-rotating IPLD was predicted with 20% accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5324-5327
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2011



  • Large area
  • Pulsed laser deposition
  • Thickness homogenization
  • Thickness inhomogeneity index (TII)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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