HIV and selected blood-borne and sexually transmitted infections in a predominantly Roma (gypsy) neighbourhood in Budapest, Hungary: A rapid assessment

V. Anna Gyarmathy, Eszter Ujhelyi, Alan Neaigus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We assessed the prevalence of HIV and selected blood-borne and sexually transmitted Infections among a convenience sample of 64 residents of Dzsumbuj, a predominantly Roma (Gypsy) neighbourhood in Budapest, Hungary. No cases of HIV were detected, while the prevalence of hepatitis B infection (anti-HBc) was 27% and syphilis prevalence was 2%. Romas (n=50) were significantly more likely than non-Romas (n=14) to have HAV antibodies (80% vs. 43%) and less likely to be HBV immunized (anti-HBs only; 6% vs. 29%). Current drug injectors (n=13) were more likely than non-injectors (n=51) to have antibodies against HAV (85% vs. 69%) and HCV (85% vs. 8%). While HIV has not been introduced in this population, risk conditions for a potentially explosive HIV epidemic are present. Health care policies should focus on expanding coverage for HAV and HBV immunizations, and access to HIV preventive services needs to be extended to marginalized, mostly minority populations, such as the Roma in Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-127
Number of pages4
JournalCentral European journal of public health
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

Keywords

  • Central Europe
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hepatitis infections
  • Illicit drug use
  • Minority populations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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