High-velocity line forming regions in the type Ia supernova 2009ig

G. H. Marion, Jozsef Vinko, J. Craig Wheeler, Ryan J. Foley, Eric Y. Hsiao, Peter J. Brown, Peter Challis, Alexei V. Filippenko, Peter Garnavich, Robert P. Kirshner, Wayne B. Landsman, Jerod T. Parrent, Tyler A. Pritchard, Peter W.A. Roming, Jeffrey M. Silverman, Xiaofeng Wang

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report measurements and analysis of high-velocity (HVF) (>20,000 km s-1) and photospheric absorption features in a series of spectra of the Type Ia supernova (SN) 2009ig obtained between -14 days and +13 days with respect to the time of maximum B-band luminosity (B-max). We identify lines of Si II, Si III, S II, Ca II, and Fe II that produce both HVF and photospheric-velocity (PVF) absorption features. SN 2009ig is unusual for the large number of lines with detectable HVF in the spectra, but the light-curve parameters correspond to a slightly overluminous but unexceptional SN Ia (M B = -19.46 mag and Δm 15(B) = 0.90 mag). Similarly, the Si II λ6355 velocity at the time of B-max is greater than "normal" for an SN Ia, but it is not extreme (v Si = 13,400 km s-1). The -14 days and -13 days spectra clearly resolve HVF from Si II λ6355 as separate absorptions from a detached line forming region. At these very early phases, detached HVF are prevalent in all lines. From -12 days to -6 days, HVF and PVF are detected simultaneously, and the two line forming regions maintain a constant separation of about 8000 km s-1. After -6 days all absorption features are PVF. The observations of SN 2009ig provide a complete picture of the transition from HVF to PVF. Most SNe Ia show evidence for HVF from multiple lines in spectra obtained before -10 days, and we compare the spectra of SN 2009ig to observations of other SNe. We show that each of the unusual line profiles for Si II λ6355 found in early-time spectra of SNe Ia correlate to a specific phase in a common development sequence from HVF to PVF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number40
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume777
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2013

Keywords

  • line: formation
  • line: identification
  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual (SN 2009ig)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Marion, G. H., Vinko, J., Wheeler, J. C., Foley, R. J., Hsiao, E. Y., Brown, P. J., Challis, P., Filippenko, A. V., Garnavich, P., Kirshner, R. P., Landsman, W. B., Parrent, J. T., Pritchard, T. A., Roming, P. W. A., Silverman, J. M., & Wang, X. (2013). High-velocity line forming regions in the type Ia supernova 2009ig. Astrophysical Journal, 777(1), [40]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/777/1/40