High-frequency occurrence of surfactin monomethyl isoforms in the ferment broth of a bacillus subtilis strain revealed by ion trap mass spectrometry

Anita Kecskeméti, Attila Bartal, Bettina Bóka, L. Kredics, L. Manczinger, Kadaikunnan Shine, Naiyf S. Alharby, Jamal M. Khaled, Mónika Varga, C. Vágvölgyi, A. Szekeres

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surfactins are cyclic lipopeptides consisting of a β-hydroxy fatty acid of various chain length and a peptide ring of seven amino acids linked together by a lactone bridge, forming the cyclic structure of the peptide chain. These compounds are produced mainly by Bacillus species and possess numerous biological effects such as antimicrobial (antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal) activities. A mixture of surfactins extracted from Bacillus subtilis strain SZMC 6179J was examined by HPLC-ESI-IT-MS technique, enhancing their separation to reveal novel lipopeptide varieties with higher masses and to characterize their structures. During the MS2 spectra analyses of their sodiated molecular ions [M + Na]+, a previously rarely encountered group of surfactins was detected and two novel types of the group were discovered containing methyl esterified aspartic acid residue in their fifth amino acid position. The relative amounts of these monomethyl isoforms exceeded 35% of the produced surfactin in total. In the m/z value of 1114, all the detected isoforms possessed aspartic acid 4-methyl ester residue in their fifth amino acid position (C17-[Lxx4, AME5], C18-[AME5]), offering an opportunity to separate a pure fraction of the compound and to study its biological activities in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2224
JournalMolecules
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Bacillus
  • Cyclic lipopeptides
  • HPLC-ESI-IT-MS
  • Surfactin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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