High fat diets are associated with higher abdominal adiposity regardless of physical activity in adolescents; the HELENA study

Idoia Labayen, Jonatan R. Ruiz, Francisco B. Ortega, Inge Huybrechts, Gerardo Rodríguez, David Jiménez-Pavón, Romana Roccaldo, Esther Nova, Kurt Widhalm, Anthony Kafatos, D. Molnár, Odysseas Androutsos, Luis A. Moreno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background & aims: Failure to attain fat balance may contribute to obesity development even without excessive energy intake. The objective of this study was to examine the associations of dietary macronutrient distribution with abdominal adiposity in adolescents and to evaluate whether these relationships were attenuated by physical activity. Methods: A total of 224 Spanish adolescents (51% females, 14.9 ± 1.2 years) were included in the study. Abdominal adiposity in three regions, truncal and total body fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and thereafter FM index (FMI = FM/height2) and FMI/LMI ratio were calculated. The energy derived from fat intake was assessed by two non-consecutive 24 h recalls. Total physical activity (PA) and time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and vigorous PA were objectively measured by accelerometry. Results: We observed that the percent of energy derived from fat intake was significantly associated with FMI and FMI/LMI ratio (Ps = 0.001) and greater amounts of truncal (P = 0.001) and abdominal adiposity in the three regions regardless of age, sex and height (all P ≤ 0.005). The strength of the relationships was not substantially altered by further adjustment for PA, vigorous PA or moderate-to-vigorous PA (Ps ≤ 0.005). Conclusions: The percent of energy derived from dietary fat intake is strongly and linearly associated with total, truncal and abdominal adiposity independently of PA in adolescents. These observations implicate the amount of dietary fat intake as a specific risk factor in the excess of abdominal adiposity in adolescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-866
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Nutrition
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Adiposity
High Fat Diet
Exercise
Fats
Dietary Fats
Accelerometry
Photon Absorptiometry
Energy Intake
Adipose Tissue
Obesity

Keywords

  • Abdominal adiposity
  • Adolescents
  • Dietary macronutrient distribution
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Labayen, I., Ruiz, J. R., Ortega, F. B., Huybrechts, I., Rodríguez, G., Jiménez-Pavón, D., ... Moreno, L. A. (2014). High fat diets are associated with higher abdominal adiposity regardless of physical activity in adolescents; the HELENA study. Clinical Nutrition, 33(5), 859-866. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2013.10.008

High fat diets are associated with higher abdominal adiposity regardless of physical activity in adolescents; the HELENA study. / Labayen, Idoia; Ruiz, Jonatan R.; Ortega, Francisco B.; Huybrechts, Inge; Rodríguez, Gerardo; Jiménez-Pavón, David; Roccaldo, Romana; Nova, Esther; Widhalm, Kurt; Kafatos, Anthony; Molnár, D.; Androutsos, Odysseas; Moreno, Luis A.

In: Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 33, No. 5, 2014, p. 859-866.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Labayen, I, Ruiz, JR, Ortega, FB, Huybrechts, I, Rodríguez, G, Jiménez-Pavón, D, Roccaldo, R, Nova, E, Widhalm, K, Kafatos, A, Molnár, D, Androutsos, O & Moreno, LA 2014, 'High fat diets are associated with higher abdominal adiposity regardless of physical activity in adolescents; the HELENA study', Clinical Nutrition, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 859-866. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2013.10.008
Labayen, Idoia ; Ruiz, Jonatan R. ; Ortega, Francisco B. ; Huybrechts, Inge ; Rodríguez, Gerardo ; Jiménez-Pavón, David ; Roccaldo, Romana ; Nova, Esther ; Widhalm, Kurt ; Kafatos, Anthony ; Molnár, D. ; Androutsos, Odysseas ; Moreno, Luis A. / High fat diets are associated with higher abdominal adiposity regardless of physical activity in adolescents; the HELENA study. In: Clinical Nutrition. 2014 ; Vol. 33, No. 5. pp. 859-866.
@article{f96983142529498dbf4c4cb2a5eaae74,
title = "High fat diets are associated with higher abdominal adiposity regardless of physical activity in adolescents; the HELENA study",
abstract = "Background & aims: Failure to attain fat balance may contribute to obesity development even without excessive energy intake. The objective of this study was to examine the associations of dietary macronutrient distribution with abdominal adiposity in adolescents and to evaluate whether these relationships were attenuated by physical activity. Methods: A total of 224 Spanish adolescents (51{\%} females, 14.9 ± 1.2 years) were included in the study. Abdominal adiposity in three regions, truncal and total body fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and thereafter FM index (FMI = FM/height2) and FMI/LMI ratio were calculated. The energy derived from fat intake was assessed by two non-consecutive 24 h recalls. Total physical activity (PA) and time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and vigorous PA were objectively measured by accelerometry. Results: We observed that the percent of energy derived from fat intake was significantly associated with FMI and FMI/LMI ratio (Ps = 0.001) and greater amounts of truncal (P = 0.001) and abdominal adiposity in the three regions regardless of age, sex and height (all P ≤ 0.005). The strength of the relationships was not substantially altered by further adjustment for PA, vigorous PA or moderate-to-vigorous PA (Ps ≤ 0.005). Conclusions: The percent of energy derived from dietary fat intake is strongly and linearly associated with total, truncal and abdominal adiposity independently of PA in adolescents. These observations implicate the amount of dietary fat intake as a specific risk factor in the excess of abdominal adiposity in adolescence.",
keywords = "Abdominal adiposity, Adolescents, Dietary macronutrient distribution, Physical activity",
author = "Idoia Labayen and Ruiz, {Jonatan R.} and Ortega, {Francisco B.} and Inge Huybrechts and Gerardo Rodr{\'i}guez and David Jim{\'e}nez-Pav{\'o}n and Romana Roccaldo and Esther Nova and Kurt Widhalm and Anthony Kafatos and D. Moln{\'a}r and Odysseas Androutsos and Moreno, {Luis A.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.clnu.2013.10.008",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "859--866",
journal = "Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0261-5614",
publisher = "Churchill Livingstone",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - High fat diets are associated with higher abdominal adiposity regardless of physical activity in adolescents; the HELENA study

AU - Labayen, Idoia

AU - Ruiz, Jonatan R.

AU - Ortega, Francisco B.

AU - Huybrechts, Inge

AU - Rodríguez, Gerardo

AU - Jiménez-Pavón, David

AU - Roccaldo, Romana

AU - Nova, Esther

AU - Widhalm, Kurt

AU - Kafatos, Anthony

AU - Molnár, D.

AU - Androutsos, Odysseas

AU - Moreno, Luis A.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background & aims: Failure to attain fat balance may contribute to obesity development even without excessive energy intake. The objective of this study was to examine the associations of dietary macronutrient distribution with abdominal adiposity in adolescents and to evaluate whether these relationships were attenuated by physical activity. Methods: A total of 224 Spanish adolescents (51% females, 14.9 ± 1.2 years) were included in the study. Abdominal adiposity in three regions, truncal and total body fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and thereafter FM index (FMI = FM/height2) and FMI/LMI ratio were calculated. The energy derived from fat intake was assessed by two non-consecutive 24 h recalls. Total physical activity (PA) and time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and vigorous PA were objectively measured by accelerometry. Results: We observed that the percent of energy derived from fat intake was significantly associated with FMI and FMI/LMI ratio (Ps = 0.001) and greater amounts of truncal (P = 0.001) and abdominal adiposity in the three regions regardless of age, sex and height (all P ≤ 0.005). The strength of the relationships was not substantially altered by further adjustment for PA, vigorous PA or moderate-to-vigorous PA (Ps ≤ 0.005). Conclusions: The percent of energy derived from dietary fat intake is strongly and linearly associated with total, truncal and abdominal adiposity independently of PA in adolescents. These observations implicate the amount of dietary fat intake as a specific risk factor in the excess of abdominal adiposity in adolescence.

AB - Background & aims: Failure to attain fat balance may contribute to obesity development even without excessive energy intake. The objective of this study was to examine the associations of dietary macronutrient distribution with abdominal adiposity in adolescents and to evaluate whether these relationships were attenuated by physical activity. Methods: A total of 224 Spanish adolescents (51% females, 14.9 ± 1.2 years) were included in the study. Abdominal adiposity in three regions, truncal and total body fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and thereafter FM index (FMI = FM/height2) and FMI/LMI ratio were calculated. The energy derived from fat intake was assessed by two non-consecutive 24 h recalls. Total physical activity (PA) and time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and vigorous PA were objectively measured by accelerometry. Results: We observed that the percent of energy derived from fat intake was significantly associated with FMI and FMI/LMI ratio (Ps = 0.001) and greater amounts of truncal (P = 0.001) and abdominal adiposity in the three regions regardless of age, sex and height (all P ≤ 0.005). The strength of the relationships was not substantially altered by further adjustment for PA, vigorous PA or moderate-to-vigorous PA (Ps ≤ 0.005). Conclusions: The percent of energy derived from dietary fat intake is strongly and linearly associated with total, truncal and abdominal adiposity independently of PA in adolescents. These observations implicate the amount of dietary fat intake as a specific risk factor in the excess of abdominal adiposity in adolescence.

KW - Abdominal adiposity

KW - Adolescents

KW - Dietary macronutrient distribution

KW - Physical activity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906047543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84906047543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.clnu.2013.10.008

DO - 10.1016/j.clnu.2013.10.008

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 859

EP - 866

JO - Clinical Nutrition

JF - Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0261-5614

IS - 5

ER -