High catalytic activity in CO oxidation over MnOx nanocrystals

Viacheslav Iablokov, Krisztina Frey, Olga Geszti, Norbert Kruse

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Abstract

Manganese oxides of various stoichiometry were prepared via Mn-oxalate precipitation followed by thermal decomposition in the presence of oxygen. A nonstoichiometric manganese oxide, MnOx (x = 1.61...1.67) was obtained by annealing at 633 K and demonstrated superior CO oxidation activity, i.e. full CO conversion at room temperature and below. The activity gradually decreased with time-on-stream of the reactants but could be easily recovered by heating at 633 K in the presence of oxygen. CO oxidation over MnOx in the absence of oxygen proved to be possible with reduced rates and demonstrated a Mars-van Krevelen-type mechanism to be in operation. A TEM structural analysis showed the MnOx phase to form microrods with large aspect ratio which broke up into nanocrystalline manganese oxide (MnOx) particles with diameters below 3 nm and a BET specific surface area of 525 m2/g. Annealing at 798 K rather than 633 K produced well crystalline Mn2O3 which showed lower CO oxidation activity, i.e. 100% CO conversion at 335 K. The catalytic performance in CO oxidation of various Mn-oxides either studied in this work or elsewhere was compared on the basis of specific reaction rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-216
Number of pages7
JournalCatalysis Letters
Volume134
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2010

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Keywords

  • CO oxidation
  • Manganese oxides
  • Microrods
  • Nanocrystals
  • Oxalate precipitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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