The ability of 16 isolates of the human gastroduodenal pathogen Helicobacter pylori to bind 125I-radiolabelled tissue proteins was quantitated by liquid-phase assay. While capable of binding generally low levels of collagen types I and II, vitronectin, and fibronectin (average binding, 8%; highest binding, 23%), the various H. pylori isolates were good binders of the basement membrane proteins collagen type IV and laminin (average binding, 27%; highest binding, 60%). Campylobacter species tested bound lower levels of collagen type IV and laminin (average binding, 12%; highest binding, 17%). Trypsin and proteinase K treatment of H. pylori cells markedly reduced the binding of collagen type IV and laminin, as did heat treatment, suggesting that the binding of basement membrane proteins is mediated by bacterial surface proteins. Binding of both basement membrane proteins was rapid and saturable. 125I-collagen type IV binding to H. pylori 915 was inhibited by preincubation with unlabelled collagen type IV but was not inhibited by laminin or a number of other proteins. Once bound, radiolabelled collagen type IV but was not displaced by an excess of unlabelled collagen type IV, indicating that the binding interaction was of high affinity. Binding of laminin was partially reversible, and analysis in a solid-phase nonradiolabel assay showed that the interaction was of high affinity, with a K(d) of 7.9 nM. This interaction was affected by salt, indicating the presence of a hydrophobic component in the ability of H. pylori to bind laminin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases