Heteroclitic recognition of combinatorial TX1TX2T peptide mixtures by mucin-2 protein specific monoclonal antibody

Emôke Windberg, Katalin Uray, Eszter Illyés, Zsolt Skribanek, Michael R. Price, Ferenc Sebestyén, Ferenc Hudecz

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The mucin-2 (MUC2) glycoprotein secreted by the epithelial cells of human colon may be abnormally under-glycosylated in the case of cancer. Monoclonal antibody (mAb) 994 raised against the immunogenic part of the protein core, recognizes malignant human colon tissues as well as pentapeptides with TX1TX2T motif present in MUC2. Using a combinatorial approach and ELISA experiments it was found that mAb 994 is able to recognize peptides of the sub-library TQTX2T very strongly, and to some extent also peptides from TETX2T, TLTX2T and TVTX2T sub-libraries. Binding studies with peptides corresponding to the TQTX2T and TETX2T sub-libraries showed that mAb 994 recognized only six peptides (IC50 = 9-208 μmol dm-3) from the 19 compounds of the TQTX2T sub-library and only three peptides (IC50 = 3500-16700 μmol dm-3) from the 'second-best' TETX2T sub-library. The most pronounced mAb binding occurred when Gln was in position X1 and it was much weaker in the case of Glu, Val or Leu. As for X2 amino acids, the presence of Pro, Ala can provide a strong, while Tyr, Trp, Phe and Ser a weaker, peptide-antibody interaction. Data from this study suggest that pentapeptide TQTPT, whose sequence is present in the native protein, is bound most strongly. However, almost identical binding properties were observed with peptide TQTAT, whose sequence is not present in the protein. Apart from this, some other 'heteroclitic' peptides were found with a different rank in the binding-hierarchy. Based on these peptides artificial compounds can be prepared as potential candidates for vaccine development. Results of this study also provide a rationale for understanding the molecular background of the heteroclitic nature of the MUC2 protein core specific mAb 994.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-65
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Peptide Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004



  • Antibody recognition of peptide libraries
  • Combinatorial mixture
  • Mucin 2 glycoprotein
  • Synthetic epitope peptides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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