Hemorheological changes in ischemia-reperfusion: An overview on our experimental surgical data

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Blood vessel occlusions of various origin, depending on the duration and extension, result in tissue damage, causing ischemic or ischemia-reperfusion injuries. Necessary surgical clamping of vessels in vascular-, gastrointestinal or parenchymal organ surgery, flap preparation-transplantation in reconstructive surgery, as well as traumatological vascular occlusions, all present special aspects. Ischemia and reperfusion have effects on hemorheological state by numerous ways: besides the local metabolic and micro-environmental changes, by hemodynamic alterations, free-radical and inflammatory pathways, acute phase reactions and coagulation changes. These processes may be harmful for red blood cells, impairing their deformability and influencing their aggregation behavior. However, there are still many unsolved or non-completely answered questions on relation of hemorheology and ischemia-reperfusion. How do various organ (liver, kidney, small intestine) or limb ischemic-reperfusionic processes of different duration and temperature affect the hemorheological factors? What is the expected magnitude and dynamics of these alterations? Where is the border of irreversibility? How can hemorheological investigations be applied to experimental models using laboratory animals in respect of inter-species differences? This paper gives a summary on some of our research data on organ/tissue ischemia-reperfusion, hemorheology and microcirculation, related to surgical research and experimental microsurgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-225
Number of pages11
JournalClinical hemorheology and microcirculation
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Hemorheology
  • experimental models
  • ischemia-reperfusion
  • microcirculation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hematology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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