Hemolytic saponin content of herbage

J. Vetter, E. Haraszti

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4 Citations (Scopus)


The authors carried out quantitative determinations of saponin content in papilionaceous-, grass- and other species of grasslands for 143 samples of a total of 80 species. Besides species of the genus Medicago (Medicago saliva, M. iupulina, M. falcala) saponin was measured in the species Anthyllis iiilneraria and A. macrocephala, and in all samples of Astragalus cicer (while the other A. species proved negative). Of the grass species examined Arrhenatherum elatius while of the other species Melandrium sihestre were the only ones that contained considerahle quantities of saponin. Our data point to a relationship hetween the saponin content and the development of plant. It was found that the range of our major saponin hearing plants was wider and more diversified than thought so far, and that heside the effects of growing site first of all genetic and physiological factors played important role in determining the saponin level in plants. It is remarkahle that of our grass species onion couch, a major component of our grasslands considered valuable from other points of view (drought tolerance, yield) is the one that contains a large amount of saponin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-436
Number of pages6
JournalActa Botanica Hungarica
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science

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    Vetter, J., & Haraszti, E. (1987). Hemolytic saponin content of herbage. Acta Botanica Hungarica, 33(3-4), 431-436.