We have examined the effects of intravenous administration of a purified lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Helicobacter pylori (3 mg kg-1, i.v.) on rat vascular permeability, assessed by the radiolabelled human serum albumin leakage technique in the heart, kidney, liver and lung 4 h after challenge. An increased vascular permeability in cardiac, renal, hepatic and pulmonary tissues after challenge was determined. The albumin leakage observed in all these organs could be prevented by the selective inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, N-(8-(aminomethyl)benzyl)-acetamidine (1400W; 0.2-1 mg kg-1, s.c.) administered concurrently with LPS. Thus, H. pylori LPS can provoke a microvascular inflammatory response in the rat cardiac, renal, hepatic and pulmonary tissues, actions mediated through the activation of the inducible nitric oxide synhase isoenzyme.
- Helicobacter pylori endotoxin
- Inducible nitric oxide synthase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)